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The Fenian Movement Essay

1768 words - 7 pages

The Fenian Movement

Fenian Movement, which was organized 1858, started as a secret revolutionary society in Ireland and the United States. This movement was created in the honor of the Fianna, known as the ancient Irish warriors. Fenians wanted to achieve Irish Independence from England by force. This movement was also known as the Fenian Brotherhood, Fenian Society, Irish Republican Brotherhood, and Irish American Brotherhood. The Fenians also had a very strong military force located in Ireland. The reason for a strong army in the society was to gain independence from England. This movement was led by James Stephens from 1825 to 1901. He founded the party, the Irish People, in Dublin 1863. The Fenian Movement mostly appeals to the artisans and agrarians (REF). The reason for this was that the agrarians and artisans were the oppressed class in this society. With their support the Fenian army was going to be stronger and successful. In their voyage things weren't easy because of the fact that the Church and the Government (the biggest two powers in this society) were as against this movement. The independence of the Fenians was going to bring them a loss of power. As a result, the church and the government were against their desire of leaving England and becoming independent.

There were many things that led to the aggravation and frustration of the Irish Fenians. Making them to rebel and start new movements to conquer their goal of British independence. Many of the Irish people gather into big groups and fought together. Two of the most important leaders that worked and searched for Irish independence were Mitchel and William Smith O'Brien.

The authorities initially ignored Mitchel's activities. As 1848 developed, however, and governments toppled across the continent, the British become decidedly twitchy, and on 21 March, Mitchel, William Smith O'Brien and future Union general Thomas Meagher were arrested. O'Brien and Meagher were charged with having made seditious speeches at a meeting (D'Arcy, 67).

This situation helped to the irritation and anger of the Irish people creating a tense atmosphere was many rebellions took place. During this period Mitchel was an important figure that was fighting for the Irish Independence like many other people in this era. One of the causes for this terrible events was that "Mitchel had been imprisoned in Dublin's Newgate on 13 May, charged under the new Act, and was tried on 25 May. He was convicted and sentenced to 14 years transportation" (D'Arcy 69). Then his friends helped him escape prison to Spike Islands. Then he regained the confidence to appear in front of the magistrate were he said to them: "I have come to tell you that I will no longer be a prisoner on parole, I take back my word"(D'Arcy 71). Before the magistrate got the chance to arrest Mitchel, he escaped. As Mitchel there are many important figures that are disappointed, because they didn't have the opportunity to...

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