The Fields Of Qualitative And Quantitative Research Have Both Advantages And Limitations Within Each Paradigm

612 words - 3 pages

When developing research one needs to decide what methodologies and methods one will employ and how does one justify this choice and use of the methodologies and methods. Michael Crotty discusses four essential elements of the research process: the epistemology, theoretical perspectives, methodology, and methods.
Epistemology according to Crotty, is the “theory of knowledge embedded in the theoretical perspective and thereby in the methodology”,
Epistemology employs an philosophical foundation for deciding what knowledge is possible and how it can ensure the research is both adequate and legitimate. As Phillimore states that “qualitative methods are employed to collect data about ...view middle of the document...

The differences between qualitative and quantitative research differ depending on the research ones conducting and the methods ones employs. Qualitative research is heavily dependent on the individual skills of the researcher, it is also more time consuming specifically the volume and data makes analysing difficult. The researchers’ presence during the data gathering is often unavoidable and that can affect the subject’s responses unless conducting covert observational research. Quantitative research has its limitations and can require large samples, the quality of research is affected by the effectiveness of data processing and interpretation. As Jensen differentiates the two methods of research simply as measurement versus meaning.
A report on the Academic emotions in students, used both qualitative and quantitative research, it was found that “In 5 qualitative studies, it was found that students experience a rich diversity of emotions in academic settings.”
This study also used diary study using samples of university and school...

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