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The Fight For Rights: The 1960s

818 words - 4 pages

During the American 1960s, the fight for rights and freedom that should be guaranteed was predominant. Some of these groups were the African Americans fighting for civil rights, Homosexuals contending for Gay rights, and women determined to gain liberation.
African Americans continually fought for freedom from the severe racism and restriction of rights before the 1960s, but that culminated in the decade. Events in the 60s helped give a rise to the Black Power movement by giving African Americans a “new mood” about their treatment from their oppressors. In April of 1964, African American attempted to convene into a political party, the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, to try to ...view middle of the document...

Unable to join women’s liberation groups, lesbians created their own, the Radicalesbians, to attempt at using activism to gain rights for both the women and the lesbians. Although these examples of activism were useful to an extent, gays and lesbians continued fighting against their oppression into the present time.
Women’s liberation, similarly to the African American Black Power movement, began long before the 1960s. This second wave of feminism began after the publication of The Feminine Mystique by Betty Friedan. This wave was based on housewives being unable to express the “freedom to be herself”. Shortly after this feminist movement began, the government passed the Equal Pay Act and sex was included in the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Beginning in 1966, the National Organization for Women dedicated itself to ending inequality based on sex in all ways including politics and education. Though this was a wave of feminism sweeping the United States, not all women were considered in or equal within it. This wave of feminism was primarily devoted to middle-class “housewives” and tended to exclude lesbians because they saw adding homosexuality to the cause as something that shouldn’t happen because the general public tending to deny gay rights more often than women’s rights.
African American civil rights, gay and lesbian rights, and women’s liberation were all controversial subjects in the 1960s, yet movements begin either then or long before to gain these rights that the groups deemed as something that...

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