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The First Americans Essay

2039 words - 9 pages

The First AmericansMany peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America. America is known as the melting pot because it has always been a nation composed by immigrants of all races . The first humans to inhabit the North American continent were migrants from northeast Asia and the Pacific Islands who established settlements in North America as early as 8000 BC and possibly much earlier. These migrants drifted in small groups to North America and came in five different waves.These early immigrants survived the harsh times and difficult American climate as well as the wilderness on primitive basic instincts. The immigrants where mainly hunters and gatherers who had ...view middle of the document...

Although the Norse immigrants did not cause much impact on the native Indian people, the Indians where not pleased by their stay. The Indians where unsuccesfull in driving the Norse out of the land. It was the Norse who destroyed their own colony after a series of quarrels amongst themselves and sailed back to their homeland.As the climate conditions changed in America, people adapted to the new conditions and were motivated to spread south of the region. When the largest animals failed to adapt to the new warmer climates they became extinct and this resulted in a decline in human population. The early migrants depended then on the hunt and raise of smaller animals. The vast region stretching eastward from the Rocky Mountains to the Atlantic Ocean was relatively sparsely populated by tribes whose economies were generally based on hunting and gathering, fishing, and farming. Their technology was as sophisticaded as spears and hunting knifes. Unlike the Europeans of the time who domesticated large animals such as horses, cattle and sheep, the Indians in America aside from dogs did not domesticate any larger animals.Not all Indians lived off hunting and raising their own animals. While some tribes in the Pacific Northwest, California, Brazil, Florida and New England lived well on the hunting, fishing and gathering of grains and plants, other settlers began to cultivate their own grains and plants and farm their own animals. When the farming system was born in Indian societies in America between 1400 and 1500 B.C. permanent farm villages began to dominate certain indigenous cultures such as Peru, Mexico and some regions in the United States. The Indians who settled in farm villages adapted to a new sedentary lifestyle. This new lifestyle stimulated population growth and the development of new civilizations and cultures. By about AD 1500 the native peoples of the areas had developed a variety of different cultures. Some of these new societies where based on agriculture, others in trade or in imperialism.The Indians established highly developed and proud civilization that would latter dazzle Europeans into taking over America for permanent settlement. Native Americans had developed their own forms of social organizations, which differed from one another in their levels of achievement. For example,inspite their limited technology at the time of European invasion, the Andean, Olmec, and Aztec built monumental and impressive temples and structures. These cultures where also superb astronomers, and used their talents and skills to promote and support their religious beliefs. Most civilizations and tribes of the time were illiterate. This was not an impediment for the success of their society though. The Andean culture who was illiterate developed a decimal system, and was among the elite of all early American civilizations.In North America, there where six major Indian cultural areas that included the Northwest coast, the plains area, the plateau area,...

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