The First And Second Amendments To The Constitution: A Brief Examination Of The Two

916 words - 4 pages

The Bill of Rights is the first ten Amendments to the United States Constitution. They were added by the Founding Fathers to assert inalienable rights that would exist despite the power of the federal government. Careful consideration was made in creating these laws, as they were meant to stand the test of time. The wording, even the punctuation, has helped interpret various meanings in effort to encompass the ever-changing aspects of what is considered a "right". The first and second of these were (arguably) written foremost by order of importance, at least during the time, as the issues of today have changed.Some describe the First as the most essential in maintaining democracy. The First Amendment provides the freedom of religion, speech, press, peaceful assembly and the right to petition-or appeal to the government. Without these rights one could not pray as they wish, say what they wish, create group to defend ideals, or question the government. Conflict erupts as Americans attempt to define the extent of the boundaries to this freedom.Today such challenges exist in way perhaps unexpected by the Founding Fathers, thus the Constitution is examined and debated to address new issues. The First Amendment right to members of the press' right to protect their sources is as of late under scrutiny. Reporters and journalists are subpoenaed into court often in effort to solve crimes or corruption. With the invention of the internet, addressing this right has become increasingly challenging as in the case of O'Grady vs. the Supreme Court. Apple computer sued an internet web site that leaked information on an up-and-coming technology. The courts decided if it was within this bloggers First Amendment right not to be subpoenaed to reveal the name of the individual who leaked information. After many rulings the case was brought to the supreme court where a panel ruled in May of 2006 that the online reporters are protected by the First Amendment and basically are the same as "traditional" journalists. The court wrote, "If their activities and social function differ at all from those of traditional print and broadcast journalists, the distinctions are minute, subtle, and constitutionally immaterial." This in effect morphs the interpretation and understanding of that part of the Constitution.The separation of church and state is another First Amendment principle that is often challenged today. The Founder's original intention was to create an environment where one could not be condemned for differences in faith, as many of the colonists were escaping such persecution in Europe. Today, from the 1947 Supreme Court case Everson vs. The Board of Education, all public prayers and religious readings done for religious purposes are banned from public schools. To a further extent, the issue is still prevails as in the 2006 ruling of the Mount...

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