The First Female Pharoh Hatshepsut. Essay

1127 words - 5 pages

HatshepsutKa-maat-Ra` Hatshepsut was the only child of Queen Aahmose and the pharaoh of the time, Tuthmosis I. She was the only legitimate successor, but was unable to succeed him because she was a woman. In order to secure the 'royal blood line' she was married to her half brother Tuthmosis II, who was born to Tuthmosis I and an inferior wife. Tuthmosis II was a frail man and did not rule for very lengthy period of time. Hatshepsut bore him two daughters but no sons. Hatshepsut was and ambitious woman and when her husband died was faced with the same problem of succession her father had. In order for Hatshepsut to fully accomplish her wish to become a pharaoh she had to overcome a great number obstacles."There was nothing for it but to give him the throne by marrying him to Neferura`, the royal heiress, her eldest daughter by Tuthmosis II. In this manner Pharaoh Tuthmosis III, the future conqueror of the world, was crowned king."(1)The first obstacle that lay in her way was her stepson Tuthmosis III. He was the child of her Husband Tuthmosis II and one of his inferior wives. Since he was the next male in line to inherit the throne he had to be dealt with. Since he was young and in no position to question her, Hatshepsut took full advantage of the situation.In Egypt they believed that the pharaoh was a direct descendants of Ra and was appointed by Ra. Since Ra was male and it was believed that he bestowed the title of pharaoh on man not woman, Hatshepsut had to work very hard to prove to her people that he chose her and that he had not chosen her nephew. In order for her to make her story more believable she re arranged her family background to make her look like a direct descendant. She falsified documents, making people say things they had not really said in real life. With the help of her amon priest made apparitions from the gods in which they were bestowing their blessings on her as the rightful pharaoh. She even had her fathers caskets moved from it's resting place in the valley of the kings, into her own tomb at De Bazir to make it look like he wished to be in her tomb, to make there relationship closer."I have come unto thee, king of the gods, I prostrate myself (before thee). In return for what I have done for thee do thou bestow Egypt and the Red Land (the desert) on my daughter Ramaka, living eternally, as thou hast done for me" Further on her proceeds to say: "My daughter Usertkau (on of her titles), who loves thee who is united unto thee, (who is) beloved, thou hast transmitted the world unto her, (thou hast united it) in her hands, thou hast chosen her as queen." - (2)The fact that this was written during his lifetime suggests that it is an actually statement but the only other known statement to prove this was made by Hatshepsut and could have been one of the documents she falsified so she could be accepted as pharaoh. Most documents concerning Hatshepsut where destroyed by her stepson in his attempt to obliterate her from Egyptian...

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