The First World War And The February Revolution Of 1917

666 words - 3 pages

The First World War became the Tsars worst nightmare. Russia joined the war in many ways to keep peoples minds of Russia’s backwardness and badly run government, and onto the war effort itself. But within the first year of the war people’s minds began to wander away from troop moral and toward the Tsar and his control.
From the go Russia was mobilized and war ready faster than the Germans and themselves expected, they was only expecting a short war. Russia had no extended war plans of ammo, food, clothing and equipment and extremely bad organisation led to many un-necessary deaths and illnesses. They naively thought that 7 million shells would last the whole war, but in 1916 that was just enough for 10 days. In 1914 only 41 rifles were ordered, when a shortage occurred Russia began to order some from abroad, they were also limited to 10 bullets per soldier per day. There were also mass food shortages because many workhorses and other resources were needed for the war effort, this led to the pillaging of farms of villages sometimes torturing peasants for there food supplies. The majority of the units throughout the war had little or no equipment; many were still sharing guns towards the end of the war. There are stories of units needing to borrow clothes from neighbouring units when the Tsar came to inspect them.
The vast majority of Russia’s attacks in Germany were failures; even some of the highest-ranking Generals saw the war as complete chaos. The Army reserves consisted of little or untrained peasants or farm hands who had no idea about being a soldier. The weather was also an unforgettable factor as soldiers had to face freezing winters, and developed sicknesses in the masses such as Typhoid and Cholera.
Many of the Russian armies soldiers began to loose faith in the government; many of them deserted and returned home sometimes by murdering their officers to obtain their freedom.
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