In October 2013, there was tragic flooding in Cambodia. It was extremely serious if we compare it to the past decades. Heavy floods hit 12 provinces along the Mekong and Tonle Sap River, as well as Phnom Penh. Nhim Vanda, who is the head the National Disaster Committee, told VOA that “this year’s flood has killed 104 people and has affected more than 120,000 people, 670 schools and 370 pagodas were flooded” (Thoun par. 7). But Battambang is the most affected area and the destruction of the infrastructure in this area is enormous.
On October 8, extensive rainfall, poorly managed dams and flash floods have contributed many Cambodians leaving their homes to find dry ground. At least 10 people were kill in Battambang. Mr. Chea Sambath, secretariat deputy chief of Committee for Disaster Management, said that four people including two children who were killed in this flood. Additionally, there was more than 16 houses that were completely destroyed in the swirling floods water that affected 30,000 hectares of agriculture cropland which were be producing corn, peas, cassava, and sesame ( Cambodia Herald pra.3) . Thousands of houses flooded in Battambang.
As you can see in this picture (by Khmerization), the floods caused residents a lot of troubles such as losing their farms, their health, their safety, their properties, and placing their families at high risk. Children could not go to school because the schools were flooded and many people could not either open their businesses or go to work. Their problem was that the water swallowed the road, so the transportation was impossible for cars, motors, bikes or pedestrians. Moreover, in Battambang, 67.3 % of the provincial population has been affected by flood waters. Hundreds hectares of rice fields have been destroyed and food was in increasingly short supply (Khouth and Woodside. “A Raft Of Complications.” par. 4). Riun Pau and her family ran out of food, she told Phnom Penh Post reporter that “My brother killed a snake as thick as a man’s arm. It swam to our house. We were very happy because we finally had food to eat,” (par.3). The flood badly damaged the buildings, roads and destroyed the cropland. It offered new issues to the victims such as people who had no food to eat, kids easily getting ill. Furthermore, the flood carries a lot of dangerous viruses that caused villager to live under this unhealthy condition.
On October 9, a torrent of water surged and burst through the Kamping Pouy reservoir. It created cracks in the dam wall and buckled under the pressure of unrelenting flood water. Provincial authorities forced open two of the reservoir’s flood gates and decided to cut off a release channel in Banan district’s Ta Kream commune to avoid huge destruction (Khouth and Woodside. “Dam Easing Dooms Homes.” par. 2). The decision to cut off the channel in the 19-kilometre-long dam wall has incensed the residents in the nearby village because the authorities did not give the villagers...