Over the centuries the study of medicine and health has expanded, there are numerous fields of study today and these fields are still growing. These fields of study cover various areas of our health. The progress in society has made it possible for new discoveries and research in all fields. In today’s society we are able to confront issues that have become prominent. Cancer has become a global issue, as the rate of cancer has begun to rise higher than ever experienced. Abortion has concerned numerous individuals in society. The genetic testing of embryos is a concern for individuals who question if it is ethically right or wrong. In today’s society it is evident that the focus of health has changed, it has been altered according to the challenges and changes in society.
The rise of cancer around the world is concerning, the causes of cancer in many cases are linked to the lifestyle of the individual. It is evident that one who lives a lifestyle in which alcohol is abused, their sugar intake is high or diabetes can be a risk for cancer. Cancer cases have increased from 12.7 million new cases in 2008 to 14.1 million in 2012, there were 8.2 million deaths. It is expected that there will be 25 million new cases a year by 2031 which is approximately a 70% increase. In previous decades there has too much emphasis on finding a cure rather than preventing the risk of avoiding cancer. Society facilitates access to alcohol and other drugs encouraging youth to self-indulge without thinking about the consequences. Half of the cases today are considered preventable, in order to prevent the rise of cancer individuals must be encouraged to change their lifestyles and learn how to eat, act and think healthy. The emphasis in health care today is about preventing cases of cancer and other diseases before they can occur by offering healthy alternatives though society (Boseley, 2014).
The topic of abortion in today’s society is a controversial issue, there are concerns regarding the beliefs of individuals who are either pro-life or pro-choice. Abortion rates in the United States of America have declined, the rate is at its lowest point in decades since 2011.
The cause of the decline has not been fully investigated but there is belief that it may be because of the increasing use of long-term birth control. The Guttmacher Institutes hypothesize that the increase of long acting reversible contraception help lower the abortion rate, and a recent recession in the economy may be contributing factors to the decline. Through these factors, and others there is a focus on helping individuals whose choice is to use abortion. Healthcare has changed its focus to assisting in abortions or preventing pregnancy through...