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The Forgotten War: Korea Essay

1067 words - 4 pages

Korea. A mass of bad feelings and good intentions. All the ideas that were generated with the Cold War were thrust upon Korea. Some were good, and some were not so good. People had hoped to influence Korea to accept their views. The USSR wanted an unyielding communist Korea. America had other ideas. When communism came to blows with capitalism, the bloody mess of Korea was the result.
Korea was in a state of disarray. Not in the way that you may be confused about what happened, but where political alliances and the division of Korea upset many people. The division of Korea was decided at the Potsdam Conference, without the consent of the Korean people (Korean War, Wikipedia). When Japan was defeated, they lost all of the land they had gained including Korea. With the land being split between the 38th parallel, North Korea was weak with a bad leader, looking for more power. Russia and China were willing to help. US saw South Korea as a victim to the Cold War and was trying to help South Korea (Schnabel 6). Both the United States and the Soviet Union occupied the Korean peninsula in hopes of turning them to their beliefs in government. The United States went to the United Nations to determine the issue of a divided Korea. The United Nations Commission determined they needed to hold elections in Korea. The communists in North Korea refused to allow the election because the did not want to be threatened by democracy. The communists in South Korea did not like the thought and boycotted it. The regime in South Korea was shaped by the anti-communist Syngman Rhee. The Soviet Union put Kim ll-Sung as head of North Korea, who was very, very weak. The North Korean Army invaded South Korea on June 25 1950 with varying reasons. The Chinese entered the war for acquiring strategic land and an influence sphere. They wanted to use North Korea as a buffer against any possible US invasion. The United States wanted to stop the spread of communism, so that Capitalism would remain safe. The Soviet Union wanted to spread communism to as many countries as possible, to combat Capitalism. The armistice of 27 July 1953 ended the fighting in Korea (Pillai). The armistice was just a temporary cease-fire and not a treaty of peace. It reflected the realization by all of the involved parties; neither side had either the means or the will to compel the other to submit to its political agenda. When South Korea was attacked, it was quite easy to take over, because they were very, very under militarized and under armed. In addition, there was no American force in South Korea, so it made it even more easy for North Korea to take South Korea. Many of these reasons were some very potent reasons for the Korean War.
The effects of the war were quite severe. The Korean War created more friction between the United States and the Soviet Union. The war demonstrated the will of the United States had everything to do with the prevention the spread and creation of communism. A feeling of...

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