The Origin Of Emma And Nora, From Henrik Ibsens "A Doll's House" And Gustave Flaubert's "Madame Bovary"

1124 words - 4 pages

Gustave Flaubert and Henrik Ibsen are both known as great writers andharsh social critics. In fact when Flauberts masterpiece Madame Bovary wasreleased, he was arrested on the grounds that his novel was morally andreligiously offensive to the public, despite the fact that it was a bestseller. AlsoHenrik Ibsens "A Doll's House" was such a slap in the face to many Europeansthat it was banned in some countries and revised in Germany so that it had ahappy ending. Some people in Norway even attributed the rising divorce rate tothis play! What is it that drove both of these authors to be such harsh socialcritics? What exactly were their views? And what drove these two authors tocreate two of their most famous characters: Nora, from "A Dolls House", andEmma from Madame Bovary? An insight into the background of these authorsreveals that both Nora and Emma are reflections of social and political viewpointsof their authors, and are at least partially based on people that the authors knew.First of all, it is important to know the socio-economic status andbackground of the two authors. It is also good to at least have an idea about thesociety in which they lived. Then it is possible to see why they had certainviewpoints and how these viewpoints had an effect on the personalities andactions of their characters.Gustave Flaubert was born on December 12, 1821 in Rouen, France to awealthy surgeon. As a boy he was well aware of the incompetence in the medicalprofession, and the middle class "lip service" which he portrayed through Homaisin Madame Bovary. In his college years, Flaubert began to despise the middleclass even more as he became enthralled in the romantic writings of Hugo,Rousseau, Lord Byron, and Sir Walter Scott. In Madame Bovary, Emma has acertain romantic aspect similar to Flaubert which is a longing for things to beperfect. This perfectionism was arguably an obsession for Flaubert. In fact, ittook him 5 years to write Madame Bovary. I remember hearing that he evenmade sketches of the characters houses and of the town of Yonville. It was alsoin college that he fell victim to excessive romantic ideals, such as those portrayedin Emma, and had a failed marriage with an older woman named ElisaSchlesinger. His personal attitudes about love are portrayed through Emma.After his divorce, he entered into a relationship with the poet Louise Colet thatwas mainly based on letter writing, just as Emma's affairs with Rodolphe andLeon rely heavily on letter writing. In fact, Flaubert and Colet only saw each othersix times in their first two years. This relationship with Miss Colet shows clearlythe fact that Gustave Flaubert, like Emma Bovary, liked the idea of having a lovermore than actually having one. In 1844, Flaubert started to develop a nervousdisorder that forced him to retire to his family's estate. As Flaubert returned to hisprovincial lifestyle, he realized how boring it was. It was this boredom andisolation that shined through in Emma Bovary, who was...

Find Another Essay On The Origin of Emma and Nora, From Henrik Ibsens "A doll's house" and Gustave Flaubert's "Madame Bovary"

The Heroic Nora Helmer in Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House

2683 words - 11 pages The Heroic Nora Helmer in Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House   What does it mean to be a hero?  According to Webster, a hero is someone "of great strength [and] courage" who is "admired" for his or her "courage and nobility."1  Stretching this definition a bit further, I would argue that a hero is someone who uses this strength, courage, and nobility to help or save others.  Nora Helmer, in Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House, leaves her husband

Hedda Gabler, by Henrik Ibsen and Madame Bovary, by Gustave Flaubert

909 words - 4 pages was a victim of her own society. They were both unhappy with their marriages to say the least but Emma definitely wins when it comes to who suffered the most. She had no say in her marriage and she had a mind filled with romantic literature. In the end that is what leads her to her demise because she had believed in silly fantasies. In Ibsen’s Hedda Gabler and Flaubert’s Madame Bovary, the two women are faced with problems that arise from

Hedda Gabbler, by Henrik Ibsen and Madame Bovary, by Gustave Flaubert

1001 words - 4 pages The role of a woman remains the same throughout human history. Many women prepare for the role of wife and mother from an early age. If one is not married at a certain age then they are labeled as a spinster, a prude. Hedda Gabler and Emma Bovary fearful of being dubbed as a spinster, marry men whom they both despised. During the mid 1800’s, Emma Bovary’s period: women considered inferior to their male counterparts, they could not divorce their

Gistave Flaubert's Madame Bovary

1243 words - 5 pages In the novel Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert, Flaubert uses the character of Emma to make love seem like a worthless concept. Emma, who wants to be loved, is loved by Charles, but she feels that he is not exciting enough and decides to pursue other romances. Flaubert uses infidelity as a way of dealing with ones emotions. Because she was not able to stay faithful to her husband, Emma deserves the consequences of her actions. Therefore, she

How Nora was a victim and victimizer in A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen

1070 words - 4 pages It is easy to forget how far our society has come in the last hundred years in recognizing the equality of all people. Often when we take a look into the past what we see is very shocking. Such is the case in a Doll House by Henrik Ibsen. Here we see Nora presented as a victim of her father and male dominated society; however she also plays the role of victimizer against her husband, family, and friends. As Nora takes both sides of the conflict

An examination of Nora, from "A Doll's House" and Rose-Anna, from "The Tin Flute" as wives

1683 words - 7 pages he like Torvald is out of way of possibly feeling indebted to his wife. Her work ethic cannot be matched by any other characters in either "The Tin Flute" or "A Doll's House". Whereas Nora is forced to work hard to pay off the loan, Rose-Anna is motivated more out of the necessity to get tasks done, but they both work hard for the sake of their husbands. Nora tries to protect the name of her husband from the shame of her forgery and Rose-Anna

Madame Bovary and The House of the Spirits

1467 words - 6 pages Gustave Flaubert of Madame Bovary and Isabel Allende of The House of the Spirits both manipulate elements of genre, dialogue, and style in relation to suspense in order to comment on the romantic ideas of destiny and fate. While they both use these techniques in relation to suspense and anticipation, Flaubert minimizes the importance of fate while Allende seeks to promote it. Flaubert builds suspense for a large amount of time and suddenly

Nora and Torvald in The Doll's House

1554 words - 6 pages . The rules of proper communication include: listening to each other, understanding the other person's emotions and needs, truthfully expressing one's view's, and supporting each other during times of adversity. In Henrick Ibsen's play, A Doll's House, he uses the character development of Nora Helmer, the protagonist, and Torvald Helmer, the antagonist, to emphasize the importance of communication in a healthy relationship. A Doll’s House was

Comparison of Nora (A Doll's House) and Mrs.Alving (Ghosts)

750 words - 3 pages into exile and away for a little bit, and Mrs. Alving saved her son by sending him into exile or at least away from their home so that Oswald would never have to grow up with his freelancing father.There were also some key differences between Nora and Mrs. Alving. In "A Doll's House", the reason of the union between Nora and Helmer relied on the husband's conception of integrity and unyielding devotion to social morality. He was the conventional

Henrik Ibsen "A Doll's House": Explore how the minor characters are used with regard to plot development revealing aspects of the character of Nora, and thematic issues

1029 words - 4 pages . Linde's life, the death of her husband, her caring for her mother and family and so on, we sense she feels a need within her to prove herself. She wants to prove that she has had just as many responsibilities and difficulties as her old friend. It becomes clear to us that the entrance of Mrs. Linde sets off a reaction within Nora. I think she finally starts to consider her own life personally as well as from a new perspective. She develops a need to

Comparison Of Speeches Between Rodolphe And The Councilman In Madame Bovary By Gustave Flaubert

1990 words - 8 pages and romantic gestures, Rodolphe once again feeds Emma the precise anecdotes of romance and passionate love that she has longed for from her novels and this further attracts her to him.Monsieur Lieuvain continues speaking to the people, and begins to shift into a less formal method of speech. " 'You farmers...you peaceful pioneers...you, men of progress...You have understood...'" (Flaubert 147) It is understood that the council man is of higher

Similar Essays

"The Origin Of Emma And Nora" Gustave Flaubert And Henrik Ibsen

1209 words - 5 pages Gustave Flaubert and Henrik Ibsen are both known as great writers and harsh social critics. In fact when Flauberts masterpiece Madame Bovary was released, he was arrested on the grounds that his novel was morally and religiously offensive to the public, despite the fact that it was a bestseller. Also Henrik Ibsens "A Doll's House" was such a slap in the face to many Europeans that it was banned in some countries and revised in Germany so that it

Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary Essay

991 words - 4 pages Madame Bovary      In Gustave Flaubert’s Madame Bovary, Emma Bovary is a victim of her own foolish disposition, and fueled by her need for change. Emma’s nonstop waiting for excitement to enter into her life and her romantic nature eventually lead her to a much more realistic ending than in her romantic illusions. All of these things, with the addition of her constant wavering of one extreme to another, contribute to

Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary Essay

1486 words - 6 pages In the realist novel Madame Bovary, Gustave Flaubert criticizes Romanticism through Emma Bovary's perpetual disappointment, which is brought upon by her dreams, expectations, materialistic habits and lust for individual freedom. Flaubert constructs and utilizes Emma’s romantic ideals to convince her that she deserves better than what she has, and this leads her down a path of constant dissatisfaction. He exaggerates Emma's expectations and her

Gustave Flaubert And His "Madame Bovary"

1400 words - 6 pages ), she begins her little quest to find the right man through a binge of affairs and broken hearts.The author of Madame Bovary, Gustave Flaubert, was born in Rouen France (Kunitz 280). He grew up in a rather wealthy and prosperous family as a result of his father being a successful doctor (Kunitz 280). This could easily relate to the fact that Charles Bovary was a doctor too.During Flaubert's younger years, he was alone most of the time. He didn't