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The Foundation Of Family And Friendship

1444 words - 6 pages

Confucius considered family ties to be the backbone of functioning societies. To continue the path of becoming an exemplary person (junzi) a person family is to model how they are and should be interacting with their communities. A family model is the bases of Chinese communities. In a family the father is at the top thus being making the boys of the family most important and the main focus of the parents. That’s made clear when the master states “As a younger brother and son, be filial piety (xiao) at home and deferential (di) in the community; be cautious in what you say and then make good on you word (xin). (pg 72 Book 1.6) You made it clear that it’s the son duty in the community and home to be involved with his family. This is also portrays the lack of involvement of women having a voice because the quote continues to say keep to your word but by not including the other gender it shows she never had a voice or word to begin with. Confucius stresses the point to revere your parents because they are the ones that gave you your start at life. They honor you as their child by bringing to life now you owe them a lifetime of honor to the family name. Aristotle proses the same argument as Confucius about the importance of friendships as he states that “friendship is a form of excellence. (Book VIII pg208)”. He takes it a step further by saying that a community should be on the base of a friendship (philia). Which then goes to speak on the family aspect as an ethical institute that capitalizes natural ties of kinship and love with meaning and value. Each relation you have with someone is a form of a friendship but the friendships forms are different in family ties. There are three types of friendships: (1) friendship built on utility both parties get benefits out of one another, (2) friendship built on pleasure, both parties draw off each other good qualities and (3) friendship built on goodness where both parties admire one another’s goodness and help each other strive to maintain it. The first to types of friendships are short live due to the fact that people change and so do their levels of needs and pleasure. Aristotle clarifies that friendships are acts of love not really about the act of being loved. Friendships are important as they create a strong community. Thus why Aristotle thinks the best form of friendship is between two upper class aristocratic men of abundant virtue. The men are not in a friendship for needs but rather for the mutual respect and virtue. This is symbolic due to the tie of friendship and justice. Friends are allies in our individual worlds, so to be a citizen of a city is the equivalence of having a form of a goodness friendship with the city. He goes on to explain then why citizens shouldn’t follow the laws because they have to but because they want to live in harmony with other in a goodness friendship as they the citizens continue to work towards individual goodness.
Government is an extension of both philosophers’...

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