The Four Despots Of 20th Century Part 1: Pre Wwi Japan

972 words - 4 pages

After the 8th century the system of public-land domain in Japan brokedown and various types of private landholdings consolidated into estates (shōen) came into being. These holdings organized under the authority of the civil nobility and religious establishments remained within the framework of the imperial government.

The Kamakura period

In Japanese, the term "Shōgun" meaning “barbarian-quelling generalissimo” or a military ruler was first used during the

Heian period. The title Shōgun was occasionally conferred on a general after a successful campaign.

In 1185, Minamoto Yoritomo (1147 - February 9, 1199), gained military control of Japan after his decisive victory over the

rival ...view middle of the document...

The term Kamikaze was later used for the suicide attacks by military aviators officialy known as Tokubetsu Kōgekitai (特別

攻撃隊 literally: "Special attack unit") abbreviated as Tokkō Tai (特攻隊) from the Empire of Japan. The Kamikaze attacks by

the Tokkō Tai against Allied naval vessels in the closing stages of the Pacific campaign of World War II were designed to

destroy warships more effectively than was possible with conventional attacks.

The financial strain imposed by the defense efforts against the Mongol attacks, however, aggravated the internal

weaknesses in the regime. In 1331, Emperor Go-daigo Tennō tried to overthrow the shogunate and restore the monarchy. His

efforts led to civil war and divided the imperial family into two rival factions and subsequent collapse of the bakufu in

1333.

Ashikaga Takauji received the title of shogun in 1338 and established the Ashikaga shogunate. However, his successors

enjoyed even less control over Japan than had the Kamakura shōguns. Gradually, the country succumbed to civil war.

Tokugawa period

Between 1603 and 1868, the heads of government in Japan were the Shōguns, the hereditary military governors of Japan.

Though the Shōguns were nominally appointed by the emperor, they were the de facto rulers of Japan. Each Shōgun during

this period was a member of the Tokugawa clan.

The years of rule by the Tokugawa Shogunate, also known as the Tokugawa bakufu, are recognized as the Tokugawa period or

pre-modern period. Since they ruled from the Edo (now Tokyo) Castle they were also known as the Edo bakufu and the years

of Shogunate rule was likewise called the Edo period.

Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616) was the founder and the first Shogun of the Tokugawa, which ruled from the Battle of

Sekigahara in 1600 until the Meiji Restoration in 1868, and was the last feudal Japanese military regime. The Tokugawa

Shogunate brought Japan the longest period of peace, constancy, and stability lasting well over 200 years.

The Japanese...

Find Another Essay On The Four Despots of 20th Century - Part 1: Pre-WWI Japan

Internet Assignment Four Part A 1. What are the questions

773 words - 3 pages Internet Assignment Four Part A 1. What are the questions about war and ethics? 2. The article is about the presidents wanting to give a preemptive attack on Iraq. If Iraq hasn't fired upon us how come we are going to attack them, and also without the consent of other nations in the UN. Many questions are raised in this piece, about our judgment towards Saddam Hussein. It also focuses on the consequences of an attack to Iraq. Such as India could

Ambitions Of Japan In The Beginning Of The 20th Century

1648 words - 7 pages avait donc la volonté de disposer d'une industrie forte. Ceci pour quelques raisons principales: ne pas dépendre de l'étranger pour la fabrication d'une part, éviter l'exploitation du japon par les Occidentaux d'autre part et mieux assurer la subsistance alimentaire de la population enfin. Au début du XXe siècle, l'économie japonaise va devenir aussi moderne que tout dans le monde. Le pays a

Japan and how militarism effected it - 20th Century History - Research Paper

855 words - 4 pages Throughout its history Japan has always been renowned for its combative people such as the famous Samurai and Shinobi. It is therefore not at all surprising that militarism was already a huge part of the Japanese culture even before the 20th century when it began to impact social and cultural life in Japan which was helped by the western culture that began to replace tradition. At the turn of the 18th japan began to experience western culture

Sporks - The Utensils of the 20th Century

858 words - 3 pages Sporks - The Utensils of the 20th Century Over the past century, fast food restaurants have been booming. Chains of restaurants such as McDonald’s, Wendy’s, Rally’s, Taco Bell, and Burger King have revolutionized society with fast, inexpensive, tasty foods that can be ordered across the country. With these new eateries, plastic utensils have also gained popularity. The drive-up window makes metal utensils obsolete. Customers would drive away

The World Of The 20th Century

1007 words - 5 pages , which led to many conflicts within the country, like the Soviet-Afghan war, after the intervention of the Mujahedeen. Meanwhile in China at the end of World War Two, a civil war broke out between Sheks nationalist party and the Chinese communist party. Eventually it led to the upbringing of Mao and his cultural revolution that also caused conflict within the country. At the end of the war, in august 1945, Japan surrender, this gave Ho Chi Man his

Theodore Roosevelt: Icon Of the 20th Century

1272 words - 5 pages have led; a happier life in every way. Roosevelt was of the opinion that as the President he was a, Steward of the people and should do whatever he was allowed to for the publics good. He worked endlessly on matters both seemingly big and small showing a sheer determination for all he did. The power he had was used greatly in matters of foreign policy, domestic policy and progressivism. The changes he made in politics showed what great influence he had, not only did he introduce important acts but he opened the way for further progression to take place. Theodore Roosevelt was by far one of the most influential presidents of the 20th century.

Influential Composers Of The Late 20th Century

998 words - 4 pages Influential Composers Of The Late 20th Century Composers’ techniques matured throughout the 20th century, as did listeners’ ears.Thus, it becomes progressively harder to pinpoint influential musicians.One must distinguish between those simply continuing the modern tradition, and those truly breaking barriers. Robert Dick, dubbed “Hendrix of the flute” is one obvious boundary-breaker. (Dick)Born in New York City, Dick’s studies at the

Sporting Legends of the 20th Century: Pelé

909 words - 4 pages spokesperson."Pelé dominated the soccer world for 22 years. In that time, he single-handedly changed the face of soccer. He played every game with a passion matched only by that of his fans throughout the world." (Henry Kissinger). An inspiration to all who love the game, he truly was a sporting legend of the 20th Century.

Guerrilla Warfare Leaders of the 20th Century

2115 words - 9 pages are dedicated to the repression of their cause. He felt that men in government and agents of the dictatorship should pay with their lives for the crimes they have committed against the Brazilian people.”(pg.26) The urban guerrilla views itself as an enemy of the regime. They fight to confuse, distract, wear down and demoralize the military regime and other repressive forces that stand in their way. Historical Significance: In the later part of

The 20th Century - The Most Violent Century of All Time

880 words - 4 pages The progress made in the 20th century is staggering. Advancements in science, medicine and technology alone have brought incalculable benefits to human beings. Yet on the darker side, the 20th century was also the most violent time of human history. Two world wars, the massacres of Stalin, the Holocaust of Hitler, and many other such events killed over hundreds of millions of people and inflicted extreme suffering on hundreds of millions more

The 20th Century

2341 words - 9 pages Music. Vol. 2. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1983. Print. Arnold, Denis. ed. The New Oxford Companion to Music. Vol. 1. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1983. Print. Burkholder, J. P., Donald J. Grout, and Claude V. Palisca. A History of Western Music. Eight ed. New York: W.W. Norton &, 2010. Print. Neighbour, Oliver, Paul Griffiths, and George Perle. The New Groove: Second Viennese School. New York: W.W. Norton &, 1983. Print. Tovey, Donald F. The Forms of Music. New York: Meridian, 1959. Print. Yates, Peter. Twentieth Century Music. New York: Pantheon, 1967. Print.

Similar Essays

Important Changes In Japan During The 20th Century

1671 words - 7 pages The 20th century was by all accounts an era of considerable progress for Japan. As a result of the remarkable success in the postwar era, Japan has become a model of the industrialized society for the world to take note. In this paper I will attempt to illustrate the important changes that Japan went through during this time of progression, using 1945 as a dividing point. These changes include a different role of the emperor, a new political

Early 20th Century Eugenics As Part Of Modernism

1080 words - 4 pages As the sun was setting on the 19th century, a new theory, called eugenics was just beginning to rise. Eugenics is the idea that human mental, moral, temperamental and physiological traits are passed down through generations, and that society should attempt to foster the reproduction of those with favorable traits and discourage or eliminate those with less than favorable traits. In the early parts of the 20th century, eugenics was put into

Study Notes On Western Influence And Pressure In The History Of China And Japan In The 19th And 20th Century

850 words - 3 pages PART 1Western influence and pressure in the history of China and Japan in the 19th and 20th Century should not be dismissed, because they are often the impetus, if not the main driving force, of important internal events. China and Japan's own situation and internal forces, then, temper how each country responds to these Western pressures and influences. China, already under the yoke of the Manchurian Jun Hsien rule, wrestled repeatedly with

The Impact Of World War 1 On Japanese Development In The Early 20th Century

2524 words - 10 pages 'Assess the impact of World War 1 on Japanese development in the early 20th century.'"World War 1 and its' aftermath, together with the great Tokyo earthquake of 1923, brought profound changes in social, intellectual, and urban consciousness." (Jansen 496)World War 1 caused many changes in the nation of Japan, both positive and negative. The whole infrastructure of the country altered immensely during the early 20th century, even when compared