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The Four Pillars Of Public Administration

1164 words - 5 pages

A two-page paper that has the following topic: "The National Association of Public Administration (NAPA) has identified four pillars of public administration-economy, efficiency, effectiveness, and social equity. Please explain why they are all equally critical to the successful practice of public administration today."

Public Administration involves the development, implementation and management of policies for the attainment of set goals and objectives that will be to the benefit of the general public. Since Public Administration involves taking decisions that affect the use of public resources there is often the question of how to utilize public resources for maximum public good. The ...view middle of the document...

EFFICIENCY: This simply means making the most out of available resources. Thus in public administration it could be the provision of the best possible public service with allocated resources. Efficiency in the public sector also has much to do with the amount of time it takes to get things done. It involves maximizing outputs such as the volume of services provided, minimizing inputs such as the amount of resources or capital required to produce those services and maintaining or improving quality. Efficiency is considered a core public administration value because it ensures allocated resources for projects and programs are used in the best possible way with the least expenditure of time and effort. This therefore requires that public administrators use all knowledge and skills available to them in the process so as to ensure the judicious use of public resources placed in their care.

EFFECTIVENESS: This measures achieved results against set goals. It is the extent or degree to which set goals and objectives are met. Effectiveness as a pillar of public administration is to ensure accountability and to ensure that intended or agreed upon level of public administration is achieved in order to prevent the situation of under par public service provision. Effectiveness is not just about getting things done but rather getting done exactly what was required. It is important therefore that public administrators develop a clear focus towards the achievement of set goals. This ensures that policy deployment is fully implemented in order to achieve such national goals.
The effectiveness of public service can be assessed by looking at set goals and the various subjects that culminate during execution of the goals as well as how the issues are dealt with.
SOCIAL EQUITY: Social equity is the fourth pillar of the National Association of Public Administration. According to the National Academy of Public Administration it is the fair, just and equitable management of all institutions serving the public directly or by contract; the fair, just and equitable distribution of public services and implementation of public policy; and the commitment to promote fairness, justice, and equity in the formation of public policy. The issue of social equity has to do with who is to benefit from the public service is provided. In the provision of public service it is important that the diversity that exists in the composition of the public be taken into consideration. Hence as these diversities become more profound it is important that public administrators gain an understanding and appreciation of these diversities so as to enable them take them into consideration in the...

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