The French And Indian War Essay

1563 words - 6 pages

The French and Indian War, a continuation of the Seven Years War that ransacked Europe from 1756 to 1763, had turned out to be the bloodiest and one of the most destructive American wars in the 18th century. Taking more lives than the American Revolution, it cosisted of people living on three continents, including the Caribbean islands. The war was a product of an imperial skirmish, between the French and English over colonial territory and wealth. Within these world powers, the French and Indian War can also be apprised of as an aftermath of the localized rivalry between British and French colonists.
The English and the French had co-existed somewhat peacefully in America for nearly a hundred years. But by the 1750's, as both English and French settlements spread throughout the frontier, economic and religious tensions began to produce new conflicts and frictions within the populations. The French had explored and claimed an ample amount of land of the continental interior, ranging from the Great Lakes to Louisiana. To protect their land on these vast claims, they created a new line of communities, missions, trading channels, and forts. The region occupied by the French was surrounded by the four major cities of: Detroit, Montreal, New Orleans, and Quebec, which was the heart of the French rule in America.
France’s arch enemy and rival, England, in the meanwhile were preparing for the great population expansion across the Appalachians Mountains and beyond. In 1749, about 500,000 acres of Ohio valley land was bought by Virginian businessmen who had secured a grant for settlement purposes. This forced the French, in an effort to keep the English from expanding into French territory, to construct new forts in the Ohio valley region. This in turn, caused the English, portraying French activity as a threat to their western expansion, to begin making military preparations and building forts of their own.
Tenseness between the English and the French slowly boiled for about five years, until in the summer of 1754 the governor of Virginia sent a militia force. The militia was under the command of an inexperienced yet an audacious and intelligent colonel named George Washington, who was dispatched into the Ohio valley region to challenge French expansion. George Washington and his men constructed Fort Necessity and executed an unsuccessful attack on a French detachment. The French assessed a counter-attack with an assault on Fort Necessity, trapping George Washington and his militia inside. George Washington surrendered after one third of his soldiers died. This engagement between George Washington and the French marked the beginning of the French and Indian War.
Moving in three very momentous and distinct phases, The French and Indian War lasted approximately nine years. The first phase, comprised of the Fort Necessity catastrophe in 1754 until the amplification of the war to continental Europe in 1756, it was mainly a Colonial American conflict....

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