The Functions Of Management Essay

974 words - 4 pages

The Four Functions by DefinitionThe four functions of management are planning, organizing, leading and controlling. As it relates to management planning is determining what goals need to be achieved and putting actions in place that will address how those goals will be met. Organizing is pulling together all the resources needed to achieve those same goals, whether they are people, money, material items or just gathering information. In management, leading involves motivating, challenging, guiding and inspiring your workforce, individually and in groups. The fourth function of management is controlling. In today’s workforce, monitoring is critical to control. This will ensure that the goals are being met and allow for changes if necessary to get back on track (Bateman, Snell, 2004).PlanningThe process of planning provides the entity with a vision. Today’s managers must learn to develop a mission that states the organization’s reason for existing. Once a mission is developed, successful managers will objectives that will address key issues within the company. With these things in place the next step is setting goals. To be effective, goals should be “SMART: Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Rewarding and Timed”(Erven, 1999). Quality planning will then proceed to develop a plan for putting the goals into action. Every part of this planning process will be improved and more dynamic if management realizes the value of obtaining input from every level of their workforce. The organization where I am employed has a strategic planning meeting each year where every level of the company is represented. Questionnaires are distributed to everyone within the company, which allows contributions to the planning process from all employees. Many ideas have been implemented as a result of this process so the employees feel empowered and invested in the company’s goals.OrganizingCreating a structure for the organization falls into the organizational aspect of management. There must be a hierarchy within a company so that the division of labor follows an appropriate outline. Organizing also allows the opportunity to find the best ways to utilize the finances, people and information available to achieve the goals that were set in the planning stage. Because we are a small agency there are primarily two people who are responsible for the company-wide organization of staff, money and other valuable resources. However, because we have four group homes and two independent living houses, each home’s supervisor must use organization to make the most of the strengths of their staff and make sure the unique needs of their home are met.LeadingOne of the most important aspects of leading your workforce is taking an active role in the performance of your staff. Using tools, such as Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs as it relates to management, can provide opportunities to motivate employees through proper management. A few examples of how this...

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