This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Fundamental Logic Behind Intelligent Design

1319 words - 6 pages

“Where did that come from?” Is an innocuous enough question in mundane circumstances, but when applied to something as complex as the human race – and by proxy, to all life – the issue becomes incredibly clouded. The argument that humans and the material universe they inhabit resulted from the conscious and deliberate actions of an outside entity can sound at least passably convincing, even if one is determined to accept biological evolution as an established fact. It is fairly easy to dismiss literal Biblical creationism as irrelevant and/or inappropriate for the discussion of science, but it is harder to object to the formulation of a more sophisticated view that the universe’s form and structure shows signs of having been designed.
To understand the fundamental logic behind intelligent design, consider the rational mind’s instinctive reaction to two different events: If Bob were to win the lottery when the odds of doing so were one-in-one-billion, rational minds are not immediately tempted to think that Bob somehow cheated in order to win. But if Bob were to win several consecutive lotteries set at odds of one-in-one-thousand, it becomes increasingly more tempting to accuse Bob of cheating. The structure of the latter scenario is such that it justifies a belief that cheating was involved: Bob getting lucky in one lottery is consistent with the contest’s inherent randomness, but getting lucky in three consecutive lotteries is a reliable indicator that Bob’s victories were the intended result of someone’s intelligent input into what was intended to be a random system. Despite the probability of winning three consecutive one-in-one-thousand games being exactly the same as the probability of winning a single one-in-one-billion game, the consistency of the former event is surprising in a way that warrants the suggestion of intelligent design.
George N. Schlesinger proposes the aforementioned scenarios in his book New Perspectives on Old-time Religion, and argues that the fact that the universe just happens to be capable of supporting intelligent life is implausible in exactly the same fashion as Bob’s ability to win three consecutive lotteries. When it comes to the creation of life, we did not just get lucky in regards to a single lottery game: We got lucky with respect to some two dozen lottery games, and had we lost a single one, there would be no life whatsoever in the universe. Given that we can justify assuming that there was intelligent input somewhere along the course of Bob winning his three consecutive lotteries, we are even more justified in inferring that there must have been some kind of intelligent input in the case of our winning two dozen much more improbable cosmic lotteries. Thus, Schlesinger concludes, the most feasible explanation for the remarkable fact that the universe just happens to be equipped with the right properties to sustain life is that an intelligent being intentionally designed the universe so as to be capable of...

Find Another Essay On The Fundamental Logic behind Intelligent Design

Time to Hit the Holy Books: Evolution and Intelligent Design in the Classroom

1386 words - 6 pages surrounding the teaching of Intelligent Design in public schools. The proponents of this alternative “theory” to the origins of life claim that they have been silenced by the Darwinian establishment and support integrating their ideas into the classroom through such means as textbook disclaimers or expressions of doubt as to evolution’s legitimacy. However, this issue is not the suppression of scientific innovation which supporters of ID claim it to

Guided Evolution and Intelligent design: A Guide to the Jewish Perspective

1328 words - 6 pages potentia. Works Cited Daniel Dennett, "Truths That Miss Their Mark," Science and Religion: Are They Compatible, (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2011), 27. Alvin Plantinga, "Naturalism Against Science," IBID, 62. Alvin Plantinga, "Where the Conflict Really Lies," IBID, 4. Ira Robinson, "American Jewish Views of Evolution and Intelligent design," Modern Judaism, 27, no. 2 (2007): 173-192, http://mj.oxfordjournals.org/content

Logic and Reasoning Behind the American Revolution

902 words - 4 pages the American Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013. . Price, William S., Jr. "Reasons behind the Revolutionary War." NCpedia Home Page. NCpedia, n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013. . "Revolutionary War: Birth of the Nation." Causes of the Revolutionary War. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2013. . "Roanoke Colony Deserted." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2013. .

Exploring the Logic of Experimental Design

2433 words - 10 pages those behaviors external to the study (Jackson, C., 2012). External validity helps determine if findings can be generalized to different persons, environments, measures, settings, or times. 6. Within-subject design uses the same subjects in each condition of the experiment. These subjects do not have to be randomly assigned to a group because the researcher(s) are repeatedly taking measures on the same group of people. Within-subjects design

Harriet Tubman: The Intelligent Mechanic behind the Underground Railroad

846 words - 4 pages led the American Constitution to abolish slavery entirely. Harriet worked unbelievably hard for the rights of the discriminated and for her country. After her involvement to terminate slavery, Harriet served as a nurse and a spy in the American Civil War. The American Civil War brought the controversial issues of slavery to the forefront and resulted in gruesome and horrendous battles. The ultimate motive behind the Civil War was directly

Question--Discuss in brief the logic behind the various peace plans offered to resolve the conflict in the Balkans from July 1991 to the Dayton Peace Accord in 1995

1990 words - 8 pages As the troubles in the Yugoslavia began to spill into Bosnia-Herzegovina and engulf the Balkans, the outside world, the 'civilized' world sat on its haunches waiting for the troubles to end themselves, no one wanting to commit themselves or their nations to help stop the atrocities there. That is, until 1991. However, the first drafts of "peace plans" still stumbled over the issue of European Union, America, United Nations and Eastern European

The Cosmological and Teleological Arguments

1760 words - 7 pages possibly have come about by chance. This concept of a higher power creating a complex universe is known as intelligent design. Supporters of intelligent design stand firmly behind the idea of irreducible complexity as an argument for the existence of God, which is a variation on the teleological arguments. Irreducible complexity is the idea that certain biological functions are so complex that without every part in the system, they would cease

Fallacies in Arguments for Intelligent Design - Intro to Philosophy - Essay

653 words - 3 pages argument to be of circular and faulty logic. Another fallacy in Intelligent Design is argument by ignorance. Because it claims that there is a limit on our attempt to explain the root of DNA, an intelligent designer (a supernatural entity) must have done it (Luskin 2014). This excludes the alternative of accepting our ignorance, therefore it is a false dichotomy. Once this argument is elaborated, it is visible that it’s stating that a universe of

Can Intelligent Design be Empirically Proven

3218 words - 13 pages concept of cosmic fine tuning, another form of evidence that intelligent design proponents use to support their claims. What is cosmic fine tuning? Well, according to Young and Taner, authors of the book, Why Intelligent Design Fails: A Scientific Critique of the New Creationism, cosmic fine tuning is “a claim of evidence for a divine cosmic plan, which is based on the observation that earthly life is so sensitive to the values of the fundamental

Intelligent Design: An Intelligent Way of Disguising Religion

1411 words - 6 pages success. Now the creationists have a new way of presenting it. They disguise it behind science and use the term Intelligent Design. Intelligent Design is a form of creationism under new terminology and is the attempt of many to incorporate religion into school systems and science education; it has no legitimacy as a true scientific theory, because at its core, it is not science. Intelligent Design poses a real threat to the education of our nation

Intelligent Design: A Bona Fide Theory

1620 words - 7 pages , experiment, and conclusion. A brief overview of the scientific method behind ID is explained by the IDEA Center (n.d.), Intelligent design begins with the observation that intelligent beings produce complex and specified information (CSI). Design theorists hypothesize that if objects are designed, they will contain CSI. They then seek to find CSI. One easily testable form of CSI is irreducible complexity [certain biological systems are too complex

Similar Essays

Intelligent Design In The Universe Essay

10071 words - 40 pages Cosmic Blueprint,{15} Cosmic Coincidences,{16} The Anthropic Principle,{17} Universal Constants in Physics,{18} The Creation Hypothesis,{19} and Mere Creation: Science, Faith and Intelligent Design.{20} Let us examine several examples from a longer list of approximately one hundred requirements that constrain the selection of the universal constants to a remarkable degree.Twentieth-century physicists have identified four fundamental forces in nature

Intelligent Design Of The Universe Essay

2099 words - 8 pages Intelligent Design of the Universe The search for knowledge about the origin of humanity is as old as its inhabitants. Since the early 1800's mankind has narrowed the debate to creation by a Supreme Being and the theory of evolution. Ever since then, science has been at odds against religion. Now it appears that science is returning to religion. Scientists are finding proof that the universe was created by a Supreme Being. The word

Intelligent Design: The Best Of Both Theories

1182 words - 5 pages approximately 1990. The basic principle of intelligent design is that the make-up of living creatures is “so complex” that there has to be an intelligent force behind the creation and that this force could be anyone or anything. This theory was created in response to the Supreme Court ruling that creationism was not allowed to be taught in public schools. Berkeley law professor Phillip Johnson, decided that “If creationism was too religious

The Logic Behind Unethical Behavior And Promoting Academic Integrity

617 words - 3 pages The Logic Behind Unethical Behavior and Promoting Academic Integrity “ Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things. Those things, which ye have both learned, and received, and heard, and seen in me, do: and the God