The object of this paper is to explain gender differences in
particular types of crime. I intend to do this by using various books
and the Internet to briefly explore burglary, prostitution and crime
related to a violent nature. I also wish to include any graphs or
statistics I may find of interest and relevance to this essay.
It has been stated that the differences between men and women, and
their upbringing, has greatly influenced the crimes they commit and
whether they commit crimes at all. I personally feel that this is a
generalisation and may border on stereotyping and discrimination, for
example if you asked people who they thought would commit an offence
related to football hooliganism they would often say a man. To show
evidence to support this statement I conducted my own short survey and
recorded my findings.
I was alarmed to find that not only did most of the people I asked
related the crimes to males, but then they went onto describe them as
"a skinhead" "lots of tattoos" "lager lout", all very stereotypical
It is believed by various sociologists that factors influence us from
the period of our upbringing. This belief is supported by Thomas 1967,
who said "the girl as a child does not know she has any particular
value until she learns it from others" Internet resource, five, 2003.
There are two points that we must be aware of. The first is the gender
specific role models we are presented with. For instance, a male is
generally brought up to be assertive to gain the objects and the
possessions that he desires and displays a varied amount of
aggression. A female, on the other hand, is conditioned to believe she
must maintain a clean responsible reputation so she is thought of as a
respectable candidate for marriage, and in turn bring up her own
Secondly, as Bowlby suggested, "People who are deprived of motherly
affection in their infancy later are likely to become criminal".
Although this cannot be proved we can relate it back to my initial
point and conclude that people deprived of gender specific roles are
generally more likely, but not guaranteed, to commit crime.
"The women who are most likely to become criminal are the minority who
have been brought up in care, or who have rejected 'normal' family
Furthermore, it is generally believed that during childhood, girls are
supervised more closely than boys are and in turn they do not learn
the skills that are required to commit crime. This continues in to
adulthood where men are generally less supervised at work, due to
careers in the building industry and driving lorries. So not only are
they free to learn these skills but also to put them into practice and
use them. Even though childcare is more of a shared responsibility
nowadays, it is still usually...