This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Genetics Of Autism Essay

1666 words - 7 pages

Autism is a condition, or "disorder" that affects many people. Autism strikes at will, when and where it wants. Unlike Downs Syndrome or other birth "defects," Autism leave no marks on those that it strikes. In fact, Autism takes pride in the ability to infiltrate a child's life, while leaving him or her strikingly handsome. Many people may not even know that Autism is there. They blame the child for what it cause him or her to do. This is Autism and it do as it please.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a general term for a group of complex disorders of brain development. They can be categorized, in many ways, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. ASD can be associated with intellectual disability, difficulties in motor coordination and attention and physical health issues such as sleep and gastrointestinal disturbances. Some people with ASD thrive in music, math, visual skills and art. The acute signs of autism and symptoms of autism tend to appear between the ages of 2 to 3 years old. (Autism Speaks)

http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-LCvYe3MSx68/T6f9sZRTw1I/AAAAAAAAFcE/ZEIaXXZohkw/s1600/autism-spectrum-conditions.jpg

Figure 1

Figure 1 shows the variants of autism spectrum disorders. In many cases children are either diagnosed with either Autism or PDD-NOS (Pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified). Statistics from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) identify around 1 in 88 American children are diagnosed with autism, additionally exhibiting that autism is four to five times more prevalent among boys than girls. Regime autism statistics suggest that prevalence rates have incremented 10 to 17 percent annually in recent years. There is no established explication for this perpetuating increase, albeit ameliorated diagnosis and environmental influences are two reasons often considered. (Autism Speaks)

Long ago the answer would have been, “we have no idea”, but now research is giving us answers. First and foremost, there is not just one cause of autism. Over the years scientists have identified a number of recherche gene changes, or mutations, associated with autism. Some parents are endeavoring to verbalize that there may be a link between immunization as far as vaccines. One particular vaccine in question is the Measles, Mumps-Rubella or MMR Vaccine, but studies have found no link between vaccines and autism. However, it remains possible that, in recherche cases, immunization might trigger the onset of autism symptoms in a child with a genetic condition.

One particular cause of autism in males is a syndrome reffered to as Fragile X Syndrome. . Fragile X syndrome is associated with the expansion of the CGG trinucleotide repeat affecting the Fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene on the X chromosome, resulting in a failure to express the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), which is required for normal neural development....

Find Another Essay On The Genetics of Autism

The Genetics of Violence Essay

2651 words - 11 pages (male) chromosome were predisposed to criminality. Today, we are faced with the power to determine and alter one's character through genetics. We must collectively decide whether the ultimate price, not of money but of natural evolution, is worth the ultimate result.Behavioral Genetics and AggressionOne day in 1978 a woman entered the University Hospital of Nijmegen, the Netherlands, with complaints regarding the men in her family. Many of the

The Signs of Autism Essay

1186 words - 5 pages gestures while speaking, toe walking, and not standing close to others. Scientists are still unsure of what causes autism. Many theories and assumptions have been made about how people get autism. Some say that genetics are the main cause, while others say that the environment plays a role in causing autism. One theory suggests that if a pregnant woman eats a certain type of fish her baby could develop autism or that if a woman has had a lead

The Aetiology of Autism

3846 words - 15 pages the linkage of the "serotonin transporter gene to chromosome 17 and the homeobox transcription factor Engrailed 2" (p.474) are hopefuls in the genetic arena as well.The Human Genome Project (HGP) was a landmark venture to map a genomic and physical diagram of the human genome. The Autism Genome Project (AGP) Consortium is a branch off of the HGP and involves four existing consortia: Autism Genetics Cooperative (AGC), Autism Genetic Resource

The Etiology of Autism

1694 words - 7 pages Kanner’s hypothesis. These studies have ranged from examining the effects of rubella to investigating certain purine metabolic disorders as possible etiological agents. Recently, the areas of neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, and genetics have played a crucial role in developing a clearer picture into the etiology of this disease. Upon exploring the biological aspects of autism, the fields of neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, and genetics have offered new

The Rise of Autism

1963 words - 8 pages , however this theory has not been proven. Other theories researchers are looking into include a connection with heredity, genetics and medical problems. Although there is no cure for autism, there are plenty of treatments and educational approaches that reduce and improve the behaviors associated with this disability. Starting treatment at an early age gives the child a better chance of reaching normal behaviors. Children under 3 are eligible to

The Etiology of Autism

1410 words - 6 pages In the United States, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention reports that between 1 in 80 and 1 in 240, for an average of 1 in 110 children have an autism spectrum disorder, “ASD” (Nirv, Shah 2011). According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, up to six out of every 1,000 children may be diagnosed with some form of autism. In addition, boys are four times more likely than girls to have autism. This means that

The Truths of Autism

1379 words - 6 pages Every year doctors diagnose thousands of adults and children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Due to the growing awareness of autism and recent developments in technology, scientists and doctors can now discover and observe the effects of autism on society, and people. Starting with its discovery, researchers have been able to diagnose people more effectively. Doctors are beginning to discover what causes this disorder, and are currently trying

The Etiology of Autism

1673 words - 7 pages Autism is a behavioral syndrome usually presenting behavior abnormalities before the child is 30 months of age. These behavioral abnormalities include marked social deficits, specific language abnormalities and stereotyped, repetitive behaviors (Piven, 1990). Although the exact etiology of autism is not known it is now believed that it is a dysfunction of one or more unidentified brain systems and not the result of parental and environmental

The Role of Genetics on Development

883 words - 4 pages mental health. There are a number of genetic/ chromosomal disorders such as sickle cell disease, Tay Sachs Disease, Huntington’s disease, Turner syndrome and Down syndrome. There is also evidence that genetics contributes to depression, autism, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and other metal disorders. In addition, genetics plays a role in determining the physical make up, psychological make up and mental make up of a child and that is why at times

Genetics is the Future of Medicine

659 words - 3 pages drastically affected. These are the topics described in the following articles. According to an article titled “Genetics is the Future of Medicine” by Joseph D’Allegro, gene therapy is in the line-up for tomorrow’s medicine. Once the human Genome Project has been completed, the data will be used to understand genetic disorders better. Once this is completed, information from genetic tests will become part of people’s medical records. However

The Role of Genetics in Modern Society

1470 words - 6 pages The Role of Genetics in Modern Society Genes by definition are information we inherit from our parents, they contain chromosomal information which codes for every physical and mental attribute a human, animal or plant has. Modern society has come to realise by finding the gene that causes the illness they can remove it. They then can insert the correct gene to replace it. Genes are arranged like beads on a piece of

Similar Essays

Genetics And The Possible Causation Of Autism Spectrum Disorders

1448 words - 6 pages in nature. The theories give rise to the question: are autism spectrum disorders caused by genetics and biology? In 1977, Susan Folstein performed a study on infantile autism using 21 same-sexed pairs of twins (11 monozygotic pairs of twins, 10 dizygotic). In each pair of twins, at least one child showed symptoms of infantile autism. The study concluded that there was a hereditary link as the concordance rates for autism in monozygotic twins

The Father Of Genetics Essay

1122 words - 4 pages Variations among children of the same parents have mystified people for years. Sometimes there are parents who both have, for example, brown hair, but then their child has blonde hair. These strange differences in traits seemed to happen out of no reason, until Gregor Mendel came along. Experimenting with plants, he began the science of heredity, or genetics. There are many causes and effects of Gregor Mendel, including the help of other people

The Importance Of Genetics Essay

631 words - 3 pages The Importance of Genetics People fear what they do not understand. If only society would take time to understand the facts of genetics, they would grasp the concept of the important role it plays in our everyday life. With our coming into the 21st century we must take advantage of the technology we develop, in order to continue survival with all of the new obstacles we uncover everyday.Every time we take a bite of an apple, or taste the juices

The Genetics Of Violence Essay

2452 words - 10 pages The Genetics of Violence Introduction      We, in the 1990’s, are slowly and inevitably being faced with the sociological and biological implications of impending genetic power. This power is analytical, in such cases as the Human Genome Project, which will hopefully succeed in mapping out the genetic code for the entire human genetic composition. Moreover, this power is preventative and participatory in that it can