The German And American Correctional System

2251 words - 9 pages

This paper explores the advantages of the German correctional system and the changes that could be made to the current American system to improve its efficiency. Several different comparison studies as well as statistics obtained from credible online sources aid in highlighting the advantages of three key components of the German penal system which make it more successful in crime inhibition and recidivism prevention than the current American counterpart. Reintegration and rehabilitation as the primary aspect in a judge’s choice of verdict are discussed first, following the availability and condition of programs existing in prison for offenders that have been sentenced to incarceration, as well as the ongoing care and help available for parolees and offenders sentenced to alternate disciplinary methods such as community service or house arrest. The paper concludes with suggestions on how to implement the discussed advantages in the quickest and most undisruptive way into the American system and discovers how recidivism rates could plummet as a result.

The German and the American Correctional Systems
The differences between the German and the American correctional systems are far-reaching. Simply by looking at recent incarceration statistics, one can tell that practices must vary greatly. In 2011, the Department of Justice in Washington reported a total prison population of 2,239,751 prisoners and detainees in the United States ("International Centre for Prison Studies", 2011). This translates to a prison population rate of 716 per 100,000 of national population. The prison occupancy level based on official capacity was determined to be 99%. In the same year in Germany, the State Ministries of Justice across the 16 German states reported a total prison population of 64,379 prisoners and detainees ("International Centre for Prison Studies", 2011). This translates to a prison population rate of 79 per 100,000 of national population. This is close to only 10% of the American rate. The prison occupancy level based on official capacity in Germany was determined to be 83.3%. This information helps determine the two nations’ “punitivity ratios” ("Comparisons of Crime in OECD Countries", 2012) which are determined by the number and length of prison sentences given in relation to the offenders who have been found guilty. Out of 34 countries, the United States ranks number 1 with a punitivity ratio of 1.471, while Germany can be found on rank number 22 with a punitivity ratio of 0.069. An article in The Economist describes that an average of “43% of American offenders are returned to state prison within three years of their release” (2011), with rates being significantly higher in large cities. The BMJ in Germany reports that only 33.7% of offenders experienced recidivism (2011). This data is alarming from an American point of view. The question has to be raised what it is that makes the German penal system so different and presumably so much...

Find Another Essay On The German and American Correctional System

German American Immigration in the 1930s

1870 words - 7 pages be to critical, were able to look past the bad and appreciate the new leader, mainly because he gave them the feeling of being positive, which they treasured, and moving forward as a nation. On the other side, there was the Germans who were strongly against Hitler and his political Nazi Party. “I could see the danger, being so close to Hitler and the Nazi's in Munich.” (qtd. in German American Album 17) Many could see the danger that this new

The American Political System Essay

1088 words - 4 pages The American Political System The American political system is a federal system, which consists of division of a national government and state governments. However, it was not always a federal system, it was not based on the Constitution

The American Penal System

1472 words - 6 pages . Until someone come up with a better idea, the use of solitary will have to do. No alternative is available. There is no sympathy for people in prison because they are in fact criminals, but they are still human beings and should therefore be treated that way. Prolonged solitary confinement needs to be banned from the American Penal System. It is used unjustly. Prisoners are sentenced to extensive lengths of time in solitary for no good reason

The German State and Literature

2524 words - 10 pages herself, as many criticised her story. Questions raised included why one of the most prominent writers of DDR era was an informant for the Stasi, and why she only decided to admit it publicly following the end of DDR? Soon after, literature produced during the DDR era was declared worthless. Was it simply a means of criticising the system, rather than being an artistic, high quality medium? Lastly, the “Literaturstreit” became a

Melatonin und das sympathische Nervensystem (Text in German) Melatonin and the autonomic nervous system: literature search to the relation between melatonin and the autonomic nervous system.

8456 words - 34 pages ) wahrscheinlich aus einer "specific activation of the α1-AR that are coupled to the PLC transduction system and Ca2+ channels".4. Die Membran der Pinealozyten hyperpolarisiert nach noradrenergen Stimulation ((Parfitt, Weller, Klein, 1975)) als Folge von einer Öffnung von Ca2+ -sensitiven Kaliumkanälen (Cena, Halperin, Yeandle, Klein, 1991). Zu einer Aktivierung von diesen Kanälen kommt es nicht alleine durch eine Zunahme

Early American Life of Irish and German Immigrants

1284 words - 5 pages American cities. German immigrants migrated as families and were farmers that came in search of rural land to cultivate. Germans immigrants were being isolated and overpowered in their homeland, the economy in Germany was inactive and a search for growth brought them to America. Unlike the Irish, the Germans did not suffer from any homeland disaster like the famine years of Ireland. Settlement for German immigrants took them inland to the Midwest

"An Advice on the feasibility of a merger between the American Action Company and the German Multi Company"

7188 words - 29 pages Diverse management styles and different types of both - natural andcompany culture lead to complicacies concerning the collaborationbetween human beings of distinctive cultural background in theireveryday work experience.EXECUTIVE SUMMARYWe were given the task to analyse the feasibility of a merger between the Action Company, which is an American enterprise and the German Multi Company. Both companies have their reasons for a merger. The

American and Japanese values system

1270 words - 5 pages opportunities in life. Similar in Japan, expectations by parents push their kids into the correct primary schools and later, cram schools, in order to get ahead because of the examination culture. At an early age, these kids learn that self-improvement is the means of avoiding marginalization public and family shame. The fundamental differences between the American and Japanese values system is the difference in individualistic and

The First American Party System

1510 words - 6 pages Section 8 Chapter 5: The First American Party System Today, political parties are an authoritative and essential component of the United States political system. However, it is important to examine how the political parties began and evolved over hundreds of years, since they were first established. In 1794, the major political parties were the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans. The major difference between these two was that the

Adolf Hilter and The German Military

1948 words - 8 pages Adolf Hitler marched into the Rhineland with the German military on March 7, 1936. He had been threatening to remilitarize the Rhineland for some time, and suddenly, just two hours after he had proposed a twenty-five year non-aggression pact with Britain, France, and Belgium, he surprised everyone and simply marched in. Rhineland had been demilitarized by the Versailles Peace Treaty of 1918 and confirmed at the Locarno

Poem and Music in the German Lied

787 words - 3 pages In his book Poem and Music in the German Lied, Jack Stein attempts to evaluate the fidelity of Schumann's music in Dichterliebe to the poems he appropriated from Heine's Lyrisches Intermezzo. Stein asserts that, although he certainly caught some of the nuance of Heine's work, Schumann often ignored the text's "caustic" and "ironic" components which results in a "sweetening and sentimentalizing of Heine's sharp, pointed verse." Stein progresses

Similar Essays

The Mission Of The Correctional System

1291 words - 5 pages The correctional system has three main goals: punish, protect the community and rehabilitate the offender. However, it is unclear how well the modern U.S correctional system achieves these goals and whether the money invested in the correctional system might be better spent. These are some of the points I will cover regarding what I think about the correctional system. Department of Corrections is an agency of the state that is responsible for

Current Issues In The Correctional System

1238 words - 5 pages faults, receive treatment and be released from the correctional system as a productive member lacking terminal deviant behavior. Works Cited Sung, L. G.-e. (2011). Rethinking Corrections: Rehabilitation, Reentry, and Reintegration. Thousand Oaks : SAGE Publications.

Contrasting The Chinese Schooling System And The American Schooling System

1420 words - 6 pages the potential to be creative, however the growth of it depends on the environment in which a person lives in, for example their education. China imposes a strenuous schooling system that inhibits a child’s creativity, whereas America encourages a burgeoning culture of imagination and creativity that leads to boundless possibilities. China has long stressed the importance of education. Dating back to the origins of China, the roots of a prosperous

American And German Propaganda Of Wwi

550 words - 2 pages used propaganda to reach out to the people. The government wanted to reach people of all ages. Similarly, Germany fought back with her own propaganda, by purposely dropping leaflets and pamphlets on the ground to try and convince American soldiers, especially blacks, to join their side. In my opinion American propaganda was much more effective than German propaganda, because American propaganda appealed to fear: fear of becoming a prisoner, fear