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The Ghettos Of The Holocaust Essay

1049 words - 5 pages

As Albert Einstein once said, “The world is too dangerous to live in, not because of the people who do evil, but because of the people who sit and let it happen.” The horrific accounts told of the Holocaust, inside the ghettos, symbolize the negligence shown to others during World War II. World War II started with Germany attacking Poland on September 1, 1939 (World War II in Europe). Many citizens of the surrounding countries were terrified because of the horrendous acts they heard of. Hitler took over and tried to kill as many Jews as he could. The word ghetto did not originate during the time of the Holocaust; ghettos have been referred to the sixteenth century (Ghettos). Ghettos were areas closed off from the surrounding cities, which were bordered with walls or fences. The different types of ghettos varied in size. The smallest ghetto house could hold at least three-thousand people. The largest ghetto was the Warsaw, and it could hold four-hundred thousand people. The second largest ghetto could hold sixteen-hundred thousand citizens and that was Lodz (The Ghettos). While World War II went on, there were three types of ghettos: open ghettos, closed ghettos, and destructive ghettos (Life in the Ghettos).
Open ghettos were not set up as often as the other types of ghettos. The open ghettos had certain rules for coming in and out of the area they were in (Types of Ghettos). Walls and fences were uncharacteristic of open ghettos, making the living conditions more favorable than the other types of ghettos. The Belchatow ghetto is an example of an open ghetto. The ghetto was established there between 1940 and 1941. The residents were able to travel outside the ghetto only during certain hours (Belchatow). Another example for an open ghetto was located in Lublin/Majdanek, which was set up in July 1941. The camp provided construction materials for building. Later during the war, many of the open ghettos were transformed into destruction ghettos with the building of gas chambers being placed to kill the non-productive workers (Lublin/Majdanek Chronology).
In stark contrast to the open ghettos, were the formations of closed ghettos. The Nazi government set up these types of ghettos to exclude the Jews from the cities. This disperse interfered with the Jews and non-Jews interacting (Berenbaum 73). The urban areas had closed ghettos that were enclosed with fences and walls. They had strict boundaries when it came to trying to leave the city (The Ghettos). The citizens in the closed ghettos lived in unclean areas and extremely crowded spaces. For them, they had to deal with horrible weather, no food for several days, maybe weeks, and no heat in their houses. This was the most common ghetto (Types of Ghettos). An example of a closed ghetto is Grodno, Poland. This ghetto was separated on November 1, 1941 into two separate ghettos. The first ghetto housed the productive workers, and the second ghetto was formed to house the unproductive workers. The...

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