The Glass Ceiling: Are Women Treated Differently Than Men?

3258 words - 13 pages

Unfortunately, even today, women are still trying to prove themselves equal to men in many ways. The “glass ceiling” is perhaps one of the most familiar and evocative metaphors to surface from the 20th century. This expression has been used widely in the popular media as well as in official government reports. The image suggest that although it may be the case now that women are able to get through the front door professional hierarchies, at some point they hit an invisible barrier that blocks any further upward movement. “Below this barrier, women are able to get promoted; beyond this barrier, they are not”. Such a situation can be considered a limiting case for a more general phenomenon: situations in which the disadvantages women face relative to men strengthen as they move up executive hierarches. “Traditional approaches to recruitment, organization and job design, performance management and promotions are often designed in ways that are more suited to men than to women. This is what creates the glass ceiling”. Beyond the limit of job titles, the glass ceiling also creates a pay difference between men and women performing the same work requirements.
“The history of the Glass Ceiling Commission dates back to 1986 when Wall Street Journal reported a pattern of highly accomplished women being passed over for upper-level promotions due to an invisible barrier”. The term “glass-ceiling” first entered America’s public conversation almost two decades ago, when the Corporate Woman column from The Wall Street Journal identified this new phenomenon. “There seem to be an invisible –but impenetrable- barrier between women and the executive suite, preventing them from reaching the highest levels of the business world regardless of their accomplishments and merits”. This phrase immediately captured the attention of the American public as well as leaders in the corporate world, journalist, and policy makers. The metaphor quickly became a reference to the obstacles hindering the advancement of women. Secretary Elizabeth Dole soon became closely involved in identifying and making the glass ceiling problem public by issuing a report on the Glass Ceiling Initiative in 1991. The Glass Ceiling Act was ratified with only minimal changes as Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1991. It established the Glass Ceiling Commission and charged the twenty-one member Commission with a complex mission “to conduct a study and prepare recommendations on ‘eliminating artificial barriers to the advancement of women and minorities’ to ‘management and decision-making positions in business’” (
Long before the term “glass ceiling” was introduced, women around the world have been fighting for their rights in and out of the workplace. “Women’s rights movements are primarily concerned with making the political, social, and economic status of women equal to that of men and with establishing legislative safeguards against discrimination on the basis of sex”...

Find Another Essay On The Glass Ceiling: Are Women Treated Differently than Men?

How Women Argue Differently from Men

571 words - 2 pages How Women Argue Differently from Men In order to discover how women argue differently from men we must first consider the basic differences in men and women before we can understand differences in the argumentation. In today's society men and women are expected to act as equals. Women are expected to show strong, confident characteristics in order to maintain this appearance of equality. The more confident and in control a women

Why Men and Women View Homosexuality Differently

1622 words - 6 pages one that had mentioned how disgusting gay men are, the one had mentioned that he had saw a pornographic movie that happen to have three woman together sexually. To these to men the idea of woman being together was ok in there minds and they even found it arousing. However most women feel that homosexuality is the business of the people that are participating in this act. Most women feel that as long as it is not directly in front of them who

The Feminist Movement is Necessary: Men are Paid more Than Women

1399 words - 6 pages . And millions of women are afraid to be out alone because of the threat of being sexually assaulted. But men don’t have to worry about walking to their car alone or making sure they fit society’s standards for what is attractive. While some individuals believe that males are biologically superior to females, as a society it is necessary for everyone to be considered and treated as equal. If left unattended to, gender discrimination will continue

Essay discusses love and the characteristics involved and how they affect men and women differently.

1314 words - 5 pages to obtain happiness and satisfaction in a romantic relationship. I also agreed that the people felt more loved by their romantic partner when he or she gives affection. I found the recipients' attitudes very intriguing because they were very similar to my own.The Likert scale examined the favorite dimension of physical affection, which showed that men favored giving backrubs and massages more than women, however both men and women equally

Women Conform More than Men

1179 words - 5 pages Fishbaugh (1981), women are more concerned than men about the quality of interpersonal relationships. Women take greater responsibility for establishing and maintaining interpersonal bonds, whereas men do not. Also, women are more empathetic and more accurate at decoding nonverbal communication than males. Male gender roles also claim that men should remain independent and not agree closely with others, while it is seen as acceptable for women to

In the Elizabethan era women are portrayed as less than equals to men - "Taming of the Shrew" by Shakespeare

1163 words - 5 pages In the Elizabethan era women were portrayed as less than equals to men. Male seemed to be the dominate gender and women were to be seen-not-heard. They existed within a patriarchal society. As a feminist himself, Shakespeare shows through his plays how women are ill treated and powerless; yet possess more intelligence than the male characters. This is why Shakespeare creates overwhelming female characters; which is evident in Shakespeare's "The

Are women more risk averse than men? Analyses with data from professional tennis

9030 words - 36 pages professional tennis: exemplary analyses with focus on risk aversion 204 CONCLUSION 22ANNEX 29REFERENCES 34EIDESSTATTLICHE ERKLÄRUNG INTRODUCTIONWomen appear to have closed the gender gap in education. Around 60 per cent of all graduate degrees that were awarded in America in 2008 and 2009 were given to women. However one still observes striking inequality in terms of earnings. Interestingly enough, women are still paid less than men in equivalent job

Women Earn Less Money than Men

1427 words - 6 pages Today, women are not treated unequal to men in their society. Women often have been sexually harassed at work. Women are forced to have sex with the men when they do not want to have sex. Furthermore, many American people think that women should stay at home and do the housework. Many working women need to spend time for their families. Therefore, they do not have much time to participate for jobs. As the result, some women cannot do well in

Why Do Women Live Longer Than Men?

546 words - 2 pages for men. Women live longer while men die younger. There are many aging theories that try to explain why this happens, but still they are just theories. Why do women live longer than men do? Maybe it's because women want to make sure they get the absolute last word, or because they don't get shot when they wear a dress in public, or finally because they go to the bathroom in groups to protect each other from whatever they may find in these

The Glass Ceiling

3189 words - 13 pages , hiring practices, training and development, and promotional opportunities that indicate signs of the glass ceiling in the workplace.      The theory of gendered organizations is that the division of labor favors men because organizations value men and their qualities associated with masculinity more highly than they value women. A lot of executives believe that women are simply just not cut out for high level jobs. In

The Glass Ceiling

2471 words - 10 pages looking to overcome the many obstacles they face. Women have always faced more adversity than men, but it has recently become less of a problem. Despite all of the advancements women have made, they still continue to face the challenge of the glass ceiling. There are several very good pieces of advice given by those who have broken through the glass that can help women who are trying to do so themselves. These tips and tricks are helpful, but

Similar Essays

Are Women Treated Less Favorably Than Men In The Workplace?

1248 words - 5 pages education and experience that hold management positions. As of 2002, women held only 36.4 percent of management positions in the private sector. (GAO) While the increased number of women in management is a significant improvement over the previous decade, women are still struggling to advance into management roles. This phenomenon is often referred to as the glass ceiling; an invisible barrier that prevents women from advancing in their careers

Minority Women And The Glass Ceiling

1162 words - 5 pages Minority Women and the Glass CeilingThe challenge of getting minority women into senior-level management positions is a daunting one. While there is a significant increase in women and minorities in the workplace, few have made it all the way to the top. As Americans continue to mature, nearly half of all workers present in or entering the workforce will be women. More than a quarter of these will likely be minorities. This research outline, and

Are Women More Polite Than Men

3834 words - 15 pages people's 'face', and the two types of politeness: positive politeness, which has to do with the expression of warmth or friendliness towards others; and negative politeness, which has to do with not imposing on others, or threatening their face. She states that women, in general, are more polite than men; as women are culturally consigned to a secondary status compared to men, and thus, a higher level of politeness is expected from inferior to

Are Women Better Rulers Than Men?

640 words - 3 pages This argument on the question; are women better rulers than men? Will focus on the example of Elizabeth I compared to the average of male rulers.It mostly depends which era you live in, in modern times it would really not make much of a difference as both genders are considered equal. But in the Tudor era, looking at it from the present, a female would definitely have had the upper hand, but from the common perspective of people in the Tudor