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The Glass Menagerie By Tennessee Williams

2577 words - 10 pages

Biographical information
Tennessee Williams was born on March 26, 1911. He was the second child of Edwina and Cornelius Coffin Williams. His father was a shoe salesman who spent most of his time away from home. Edwina was a “southern belle” she was snobbish and her behavior was neurotic. As a child, Williams suffered from diphtheria which almost ended his life. Williams attended Soldan High School, a setting he referred to in The Glass Menagerie. Later, he attended University City High School. He then attended the University of Missouri. (Tennessee)
In the late 1930s the young playwright struggled to have his work accepted. During the winter of 1944–45, his "memory play" The Glass Menagerie was successfully produced in Chicago garnering good reviews. It moved to New York where it became an instant and enormous hit during its long Broadway run. Between 1948 and 1959, seven of his plays were performed on Broadway: Summer and Smoke (1948), The Rose Tattoo (1951), Camino Real (1953), Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1955), Orpheus Descending (1957), Garden District (1958), and Sweet Bird of Youth (1959). By 1959 he had earned two Pulitzer Prizes, three New York Drama Critics' Circle Awards, three Donaldson Awards, and a Tony Award. On February 25, 1983, Williams was found dead in his room at the Elysee Hotel in New York at age 71. According to the medical examiner, Williams died from choking on the cap from a bottle of eye drops he used. It was said that his drug usage suppressed his gag reflex. Forensic detective and expert Michael Baden reviewed the medical files in regard to Williams's death, and stated that the results showed that Williams died of a drug and alcohol overdose, not from choking. (Tennessee)
Historical Information:
The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams is a tragic family drama play written from 1941 to 1943. It was published in 1945 by Random House. It is written in the point of view of the narrator Tom. The setting of the play is at an apartment in St. Louis and a point in the future and it remembers the winter and spring of 1937.
Plot Overview:
The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams is a play that is a memory. There are 3 main characters in the story, Tom, Amanda, and Laura. They are all members of the Wingfield family. Their father left them many years before; he was a salesman who fell in love with traveling. Tom and Laura are brother and sister and their mother is Amanda. Amanda was once very rich and had a high social status. She had many gentleman suitors when she was young. Tom works in a factory to support his family. He often spends his nights at movies, and drinking. He is unhappy working there and is looking for the adventure in his life. Laura is disabled. One of her legs is longer than the other and she has to wear a brace. She also has severe social anxiety, which forced her to drop out of the college she attended for three days. Laura spends most of her free time with her glass figurines. She...

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