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The Global Water Shortage Essay

1351 words - 5 pages

One of the biggest problems in the world is water scarcity. Almost all countries suffer from it and many of them cannot find the most effective solution to avoid this difficulty. The meaning of the world water crisis is very easy to understand, but solving it is very difficult. The amount of world water is limited, as the population is growing fast; the necessity of water use is growing even faster. This essay will examine the water crisis specifically in China, because it is the country with the most serious water shortage problems in the world. Also, this essay will suggest possible solutions on solving these problems and evaluate them. Although to stop the water shortage problems is difficult and costly, and takes a lot of time, the effective solutions to avoid future crisis in China are needed, such as recycling water, the south-north transferring and building a water-saving society, because those solutions will save people’s lives, the environment and sustain economic development.
The China’s most important and serious problem is water shortage and this problem will not stop if solutions are not found quickly. So, there are some of the main causes of the water scarcity in China: first of all, it is water over-use. This is because of the growth of population and people’s increase of demand for water or for higher living standards. As we know, China is the most populated country in the world: the population of China is nearly 1.3 billion people (Rosenberg, 2010). Secondly, pollution is one of the reasons that exacerbate the water shortage in this country; it is because of overpopulation and using water by industry and agriculture: they use some chemicals that contaminate the water for their benefits such as increasing production (Wang, 1989). Thirdly, agricultural water consumption is reinforcing water crisis too, because of irrigation the land where the grain, crops and other agricultural products are growing. So according to Zhao, Liu, and Deng (2005), agriculture exploits almost 70 percent of freshwater available in China, and there is an expectation that this quantity will grow because of the increase of world food production.
Chinese people need a comprehensive scientific approach with long-term, coordinated efforts to solve this serious problem. So the first possible solution is recycling water in order to meet environmental needs, provide an additional source of water and have sustainable development and a viable economy. For this approach the Chinese Government needs advanced technologies that clean the water properly and also huge investment, so this would lead to having a big impact on economic development of the country. However, according to Chang (2009), the water which has been recycled is an essential resource of water for “non-potable”(not for drinking) uses in China and this water can be used for flushing toilets, car washing, agricultural irrigation, fire fighting, landscape irrigation,...

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