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The Global Water Shortage Essay

1397 words - 6 pages

The Earth is suffering from mostly unnoticeable, historically latter and getting bigger rapidly, water shortage problem (Brown 2008, 16). It has caused a lot of troubles for people around the world. As Kasperson (1995) states, in the early 1990s as one of the earth's grave areas was, the Aral Sea Basin that was named by The International Geographical Union. This worldwide catastrophe is also known as a 'Quiet Chernobyl’, both is a silent disaster that has developed unhurriedly, nearly unnoticeable, over the past few ages (Glantz and Zonn 1991). Ellis (1990) claims that “In recent years the attention and interest of governments, environment and development organizations, the lay public, and the media around the globe, is drown by the scarce of the Aral Sea”. The main factor of this catastrophe is mankind, the ineffective water usage outcomes are: pollution, poverty, erosion, climate change, diseases, desertification. Not only the natural habitat are being imperiled by diminishing water reserves, but also nourishment and vitality reserves and even statehood and worldwide balance (Brown 2008, 16). Hadhazy (2008) argues that there is a high probability that this fluid resource will go on to be badly run up to until water scarcity influence most of us straightly and it does not matter whether it is the ineffective inundate of farm meadows or dampen our cars every weekend, one thing is clear- human beings will go on discovering numerous methods to waste water. The specific goal of this paper is to define the problems caused by water shortage and to find out appropriate solutions to avoid future crises.
Water scarcity cause a lot of problems like: climate change, economic crisis and serious health diseases at both regional and global level. Many smaller rivers have totally disappeared. Any of lessen lakes and inland seas doesn’t have as much attention as the Aral Sea. Its seaports formerly were heart of trade, are now left and it resembles ghost mining cities of the West American (Brown 2008, 18). With outside space of 66,000 km2, the Aral Sea was formerly the fourth largest inland body of water on our planet. Since 1960 the Aral Sea has vanished 80% of its volume because Soviet government in order to increase cotton and fabric manufacture, rerouted water from its supplying rivers: Amu Darya and Syr Darya. As the salt concentration in the Aral Sea rose to a high level, the sea inhabitants disappeared. It also led to an economic catastrophe: many professions mostly in fishing associated jobs became no more in demand. According to Glantz (1999) trade fishing catches decreased from 43.430 metric tons in 1960 to 17.460 metric tons in 1970 and to imaginary in 1980. The amount of private animal numbers that is able to be held up becomes lesser because of the consequences that have led to shorter number of plants (Okda 2001). The regional climate has been affected also by the arid surface of the Aral Sea: shorter, arid summers, lasting, freezing winter and...

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