Let us go on a jungle walk.
The word “tiger” from Latin word tigris meaning a spotted tigerhound of Actaeon.
•The global wild tiger population is estimated at anywhere between 3,062 and 3,948 individuals.
•The World Wide Fund for Nature estimates the tiger population at 3,200.
Why are tigers getting extinct?
•Poachers are continuing to kill the world's remaining Tigers.
•New demand across Southeast Asia for the skins, teeth and claws of tigers, particularly the Sumatran tiger.
•Tiger parts have a strong market for traditional medicines made from items like tiger bone and body parts.
•Deforestation and illiteracy are also a reason. So, we should save tigers.
Current Status of Tiger ...view middle of the document...
Since time immemorial, the tiger has been considered as a Royal Animal. Often, The Tiger as the National Animal of India symbolizes the power, strength, elegance, alertness, intelligence and endurance of the nation.
2. The tiger is a unique animal which plays a pivotal role in the health and diversity of an ecosystem.
It is a top predator which is at the apex of the food chain and keeps the population of wild ungulates in check, thereby maintaining the balance between prey herbivores and the vegetation upon which they feed. Therefore, the presence of tigers in the forest is an indicator of the well being of the ecosystem.
3. Protects genetic diversity.
Its conservation automatically ensures the conversation of a large number of flora and fauna and entire ecosystems. Thus, a properly planned tiger conservation program is actually a program to protect and save large number of species.
4. Tigers are the ones which save our forests.
For e.g. when the Dodos went extinct in Mauritius, one species of Acacia tree stopped regenerating completely. So when a species goes extinct, it leaves behind a scar, which affects the entire ecosystem. Another reason why we need to save the tiger is that our forests are water catchment areas.
Therefore, it’s not just about saving a beautiful animal. It is about making sure that we live a little longer as the forests are known to provide ecological services like clean air, water, pollination, temperature regulation etc.
Poachers use one of the following methods to kill a wild tiger:
1. Poison - This is usually placed in the carcasses of domestic buffaloes and cows.
2. Steel Traps - made by nomadic blacksmiths. These traps are immensely strong. In one area in central India, investigators found that so many steel traps had been set that the villagers were fearful of going into the forest. People have received dreadful injuries from these traps.
3. Firearms - are used where hunting can be carried out with little hindrance.
4. Electrocution - by tapping 230 volts -11KV overhead electrical wires and laying a live wire on animal tracts.
What needs to be done to save the Tiger?
Indian Government spent $13 million only for the Conservation of Tigers. This money was used in:
1. Strengthening of anti-poaching activities.
2. Implementation of the urgent recommendations of the Tiger Task Force constituted by the National Board for Wildlife chaired by the Hon’ble Prime Minister.
3. The National Tiger Conservation Authority (4.09.2006) would strengthen tiger conservation by ensuring normative standards in tiger reserve management, preparation of reserve specific tiger conservation plan.
4. Assessment of tiger habitat status in the country.
5. Comparative appraisal of forest cover status in and around tiger reserves (upto a radial distance of 10 kms).
6. Several rare and endangered species of wild animals have been included in the Schedules of Wild Life (Protection)...