According to Wikipedia, Hip-hop music, also called rap music, is a musical genre consisting of a stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted. It developed as part of hip hop culture, a subculture defined by four key stylistic elements: MCing/rapping, DJing/scratching, breaking/dancing, and graffiti writing. Hip hop is also characterized by these other elements: sampling (or synthesis), and beatboxing.
Hip hop music developed from party DJ's mixing and remixing popular music that was already out. This music was usually from the funk, soul and disco genre. It began during the 1970's in the Bronx in New York City and very popular among African Americans. Spoken hip hop music is said to have been heavily influenced by West African culture, the call and response practices of African religious ceremonies and jazz poetry.
As such, soul singers like Blowfly, James Brown and Rudy Ray Moore are considered the "godfathers" of hip hop music. Spoken word poets such as Gil Scott-Heron and The Last Poets in New York City also played an important role in the cultural surroundings in which hip hop music was created. During the early days of hip hop music, it was often described as a creative outlet and a voice for the harsh realities of the inner city youth living in low-economic areas. During the 1980's hip hop music began to spread out of America into other countries.
Beginning in the streets of New York City, hip hop music has crossed cultural boundaries and has changed the face of music worldwide. Internationally, hip-hop is the world's most popular youth culture. From countries like England, Brazil, Tokyo, India and South Africa, the impact of hip hop music on the local culture is evident in the style of music, clothes and even the slang used. This phenomenon is the globalization of hip hop. According to a paper by David Galenson titled The Globalization of Advanced Art in the Twentieth Century, “Globalization involves not only the movement of goods, but also the movement of people and ideas. For advanced art, a central element of globalization has been the spread of important innovations – the geographic diffusion of new techniques and styles.” So, according to Galenson, the globalization of hip hop is not just about the music or the style being celebrated wirldwide, but also the sharing of new ideas and skills.
One can simply tune in to the radio station TransRap to hear hip hop from167 different countries. On any given day one can listen to Hindi rap, Japanese rap or Cherokee rap. For instance, in Italy, hip hop music is performed in the local dialect and according to a New York Times article, "Nearly 50 percent of all Italians still speak in dialect, at least within the family, and the musicality of most dialects adapted well to the rhyme and cadence of rap." Much of borrowed hip hop culture is infused with the local culture and regional styles.
Although it is possible for...