The Purpose Of Punishment In A Modern Society

2454 words - 10 pages

Punishment has been in existence since the early colonial period and has continued throughout history as a method used to deter criminals from committing criminal acts. Philosophers believe that punishment is a necessity in today’s modern society as it is a worldwide response to crime and violence. Friedrich Nietzche’s book “Punishment and Rehabilitation” reiterates that “punishment makes us into who we are; it creates in us a sense of responsibility and the ability to take and release our social obligations” (Blue, Naden, 2001). Immanuel Kant believes that if an individual commits a crime then punishment should be inflicted upon that individual for the crime committed. Cesare Beccaria, also believes that if there is a breach of the law by individuals then that individual should be punished accordingly.

According to David Garland, punishment is a legal process where violators of the criminal law are condemned and sanctioned with specified legal categories and procedures (Garland, 1990). There are different forms and types of punishment administered for various reasons and can either be a temporary or lifelong type of punishment. Punishment can be originated as a cause from parents or teachers with misbehaving children, in the workplace or from the judicial system in which crimes are committed against the law. The main aim of punishment is to demonstrate to the public, the victim and the offender that justice is to be done, to reduce criminal activities and to deter people from wanting to commit any form of crime against the law. In other words it is a tool used to eliminate the bad in society or to deter people from committing criminal activities.

Theories of punishment indicates that criminals and lawbreakers are products of society and hence have human rights and are not to be held totally responsible for their deviant actions, instead they can be reformed and rehabilitated through the prison system and that crimes committed habitually should be considered a disease (Garland, 1990). It is through this that philosophers, government and prison officials have arrived at the five traditional goals of punishment which replicates elements of criminal punishment. They are retribution, rehabilitation, deterrence, restoration and incapacitation. Retribution, rehabilitation and deterrence are however the three most frequently used in today’s modern society, as they are the main justifications for punishment.

The retribution punishment theory is associated with the philosopher Immanuel Kant from as far back as the eighteenth century known as the “justice model”. The concept of retributive punishment is "just deserts," used as a means of getting even with the offender, allowing the victim to feel a sense of justification by imposing the same measure of pain to the offender according to the crime committed; this will allow the victim to feel a sense of satisfaction. Though retribution is not a law of retaliation, the...

Find Another Essay On The Purpose of Punishment in a Modern Society

The Death of God in Modern Society

2111 words - 8 pages The Death of God in Modern Society Throughout the history of mankind, there have always been certain things that separate men from animals. The opposable thumb, the superior intelligence, and the capacity to make tools are just a few of the things that separate man from beast. Yet one of the longest established and most controversial of these human characteristics is religion. Archeologists have found that religious beliefs are as old

The Significance of Nanotechnology in Modern Society

937 words - 4 pages Nanotechnology is a big buzz-word in the realms of science and technology at the moment, and the trend looks set to increase exponentially. All of a sudden, nanotech is everywhere, from computer chips to bicycle frames. But many laymen are unaware of what the term actually refers to. The Wikipedia definition of ‘Nanotechnology’ sums it up as follows: Nanotechnology is any technology which exploits phenomena and structures that can only occur

Purpose of punishment.

1375 words - 6 pages arrangements on the assumption that most offenders will weigh up the possibilities in advance and base their conduct on rational calculation."Within the theory of deterrence it is possible for punishment to have a more profound subconscious effect on society. The idea of educative deterrence is that punishment of criminals builds up the habit of not breaking the law in society. For example, every time someone is punished for theft the public morality

The Ways Of A Savage In Modern Society : The Lord Of The Flies

1977 words - 8 pages Visualize entering a tranquil world, seized from the everyday routines society goes through and existing in the middle of nowhere; a tropical oasis waiting to be exposed. Forget all of society's values, and constant pressure that occurs in the mind, and basically survive. After inspecting several reality television shows; for instance Survivor; many people forget the true experience of a survivor. Having no fire, no food, and staying sane; is a

Comparing and Contrasting the Purpose of Self-Punishment in Sophocles' Oedipus Rex and Ibsen's Hedda Gabler

1356 words - 5 pages person’s differences as well as their characteristics, leaving others to infer the purpose of their actions and this can be shown in both Hedda Gabler –to prove that she was not a coward and was in control of her own life- and Oedipus Rex-to demonstrate that he was blinded by the truth and that being ignorant has harsh punishment. Works Cited Henrik Ibsen. Hedda Gabler. Trans. Edmug Gosse and William Archer. Stilwell, KS: Publishing, 2005. Sophocles. Oedipus Rex. Trans. Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald. The Oedipus Cycle. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovish, 1976. 3-78.

Name and Describe the Purpose of All the Internal and External Hardware of a Modern PC.

3342 words - 13 pages it: A motherboard is the underlying circuit board of a computer, also known as the CPB central printed circuit board. What is its purpose: The motherboard is the main printed circuit board and contains the buses, or electrical pathways, found in a computer. How is it used in a computer: The motherboard is the electronic highways for the electronic currents to obtain from a module to another module. Why it is necessary: The computer needs a

Role of Capital Punishment in Modern Criminal Punishment

993 words - 4 pages Role of Capital Punishment in Modern Criminal Punishment Capital punishment has continued to be used as the major punishment for convicted felons for a long time now. However, it has been a subject of controversy in recent years and has been seen as an inhuman mode of punishment in the modern era. This is because of the various legal challenges it faces and the methods used in executing the punishment, which include the use of a firing squad

Capital punishment in a civilized society

1447 words - 6 pages lives against the unjust aggressor." Because of the purity of life, however, if society can be protected through non-dangerous means, then it is immoral to execute the criminal because modern jail and judicial systems, the Church states that instances in which the offender must be executed rarely ever happens. In conclusion Capital punishment has no place in a society claiming to be civilised because It is not a moral thing to do, we are all sinners and we should all be given a second chance in life to repent and look over the bad things we have done, and because killing someone is bad enough but punishing them for the same act makes you just as bad.

The Relevance of the New Testament in the Modern Society

1287 words - 5 pages There are many different religions exist in the world, they are existing with their own faith and reason, also they are looking for the development to become suitable for the modern society. Christianity, especial the Bible of the New Testament, they also looking for the ways to fit the modern society. People have to update themselves in their lives, otherwise they will eliminate of the society developing. Christianity as one of the most

The Effects of Rape Culture in Modern Society

1419 words - 6 pages Even though the first amendment states freedom of expression, statistics show rape and sexual assault numbers have risen due to the presence of rape culture in modern society. Rape culture promotes more assaults and violent acts, not only towards women but also towards men. Some evidence rape culture is present in today’s society are rising statistics showing that only three out of a hundred rapists see jail time and that over 17 million

The Presence of Titus in Our Modern Society

3634 words - 15 pages one, for the sentimental always debases real emotion (One sees this is King Lear, where the danger of sentimentalizing the father-daughter relationship is particularly important). The real relationship between parent and child is never sentimental; it is something far deeper and more mysterious than that. Titus treats his daughter in this first scene like a piece of property because Roman society permits him to do that (Bullough 34). In attempting

Similar Essays

Have We Lost Our Way? Examining The Purpose Of Libraries In A Post Literate Society

1824 words - 7 pages society, not only as repositories, but also as knowledge service providers and skill builders. Libraries survived the fall of the Roman Empire largely because at least a few people saw the value in preserving culture and knowledge. Survival in the Internet Age will require librarians to redefine, embrace, understand, and work to fulfill their purpose, so that current users will also see the value of libraries. Works Cited American

Capital Punishment Does Not Serve A Purpose In Society Today. As Such, It Should Be Abolished. Do You Agree?

924 words - 4 pages view it as wrong to take another life, yet in my opinion, capital punishment has been effective in serving as a deterrent for society, that prevents the number of murders and other serious crimes, thus it does serve a purpose, and should not be abolished.Capital punishment serves as a deterrent to warn society not to commit crimes that are deserving of death. Such crimes not only affect society on the whole, but also lead to a whole new series of

The Role Of Genetics In Modern Society

1470 words - 6 pages The Role of Genetics in Modern Society Genes by definition are information we inherit from our parents, they contain chromosomal information which codes for every physical and mental attribute a human, animal or plant has. Modern society has come to realise by finding the gene that causes the illness they can remove it. They then can insert the correct gene to replace it. Genes are arranged like beads on a piece of

The Complexity Of Language In Modern Society

1013 words - 4 pages from the pragmatism of the different forms of language. Two large components of language that contribute to the successful projection of sense of meaning are vocabulary, the meaning of a word, and grammar, the correct usage of the word. Vocabulary is human rule-governed shaped by its usefulness in society. Everyone knows that an apple is. An apple is usually red, sometimes green; is a fruit; grows on trees; etc. But that is simply the meaning of