Goal setting theory can help motivate employees to do their job as managers can relate to Professor Edwin Locke goal theory. The underlying concept behind this theory is the belief that people’s goals play a vital part in deciding their behavior. People drive to satisfy these goals to help their emotions and desires. Goals guide people’s responses and actions. Goals command employee performance and actions and this can call for action or feedback. The effort that individuals will exert in attempting to achieve goals is determined by the difficulty and commitment to achieving that goal. Practical examples of goal setting include achieving deadlines attaining levels of performance or the concept of management by objectives.
Locke believes that in order for goals to motivate individuals they should be involved in deciding the goals that they should achieve and that these goals should be difficult but acceptable. Difficult goals should be achieved through guidance, feedback and advice. This can be linked to job satisfaction, if goals are set at difficult yet achievable levels and attainment provides satisfaction and reinforcement for the attainment of subsequent goals. Goals which are either too simple or too difficult to achieve may not motivate individuals. If employees are not involved in the goals setting process they may not be motivated to strive to achieve these goals, this is why managers should take the time to set these goals with their employees. Appropriate advice and guidance must accompany goal achievement or this if not present may have a negative effect on the employee’s motivation.
By setting goals for employees it will help them to have a purpose on what they want to achieve. Employees can get motivated to achieving a certain goal or goals, as an award might be given once the goal is reached this might include money or promotion. These awards can motivate certain employees but might not motivate all.
By having goals it will help make an effective managerial performance and this will make a good effect on the whole company as employees are motivated to work. Setting goals for employees is designed to motivate an employee and help increase performance. When the employee is involved in the goal setting process, he should take a special interest in reaching that goal. With the employee having a specific goal it will help become a strong motivator and will push the employee to reach his goals by doing this it will also help the company as a whole. Moreover goals will contribute as it will help managers give the business a clearly defined target. Plans can then be made to achieve these targets. This can motivate the employees. It also enables the business to measure the progress towards to its stated aims. The most effective business goals meet the following criteria:
Specific – a specific goal assigned to a group or an individual
Measurable – the goal must be measured to see if you are on track
Attainable for the group or...