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The Golden Age Of Athens Essay

1340 words - 5 pages

Greece’s Golden Age can be defined as a time of flourishing. Athens made the important decision of splitting itself from Sparta, who they constantly differed with. “It is from this split that the Athenian Empire was created” (Hunt 80). This split illustrates the certainty that the Athenians possessed in terms of creating a better nation. Athens developed an empire because democracy was expensive. In order for democracy to be created, you need an empire to raise money. Both Sparta and Athens created different leagues in an effort to intensify their dominance. The Delian League, which was the league Athens was associated with, continued to thrive. This allowed them the opportunity to create a democratic nation in which the people were provided with the freedom they continuously strived for. The individual that was determined to create a democratic nation was Pericles. He revised and renovated Athenian democracy. It was during his time that the U.S. constitution arises. Pericles lowered the standard of citizenship which meant that more money needs to be made to pay the people. The poor were even capable of being Athenian citizens. In doing so, he also limited citizenship to those who were purely Athenians. He stated that “if an Athenian man married a non-Athenian woman, then his children will not be considered Athenian citizens” (Hunt 83). Pericles did this to secure high value of Athenian citizenship. However, the Athenians understood that citizenship in Athens is a privilege. It is something that should be cherished and not taken advantage of.
Pages 3 &4
Pericles’ The Funeral Oration allowed Athens to thrive in its Golden Age. It helped alter people’s mindsets in a positive manner. The people no longer focused simply on their wants and desires, but on Athens as a whole. This allowed them to strive for a better nation. Pericles’s speech was so captivating that it made the Athenians realize their true purpose. They were able to focus on setting goals and achieving them. Pericles worked hard to establish a democratic nation that worked in favor of the people. A nation that took into consideration the rights of the people. Pericles is credited with the incredible advances that Athens experienced during its Golden Age. He excelled in many fields and was even viewed as a military genius. In Pericles’ The Funeral Oration, he addresses a number of topics concerning Athens and the Athenian people including: the democratic system, lifestyle, military success, and the Athenian warriors. He spoke about Athens’s forefathers and showed his gratitude towards their accomplishments. He believes that it is essential to admire them because they took part in the developing nation of Athens. Their achievements will allow the Athenians to appreciate Athens more. Pericles then goes on to address the democratic system of the Athenian government. The laws that are set in place are unique. They provide the people with the freedom they deserve while punishing those who...

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