The Golden Age Of Greece And Its Effects On The Modern World

965 words - 4 pages

The Golden Age is considered the pinnacle of Greece as a nation and a society. It was the highest point of wealth and prosperity in Greece’s history and therefore the happiest of times. This period was also the peak of Grecian art, writings, sculpture, theatre, and architecture. The Golden Age is credited with forming the modern day stereotype of what Grecian life was like. The Greeks greatly influenced modern day culture through the establishment of a standard of living for society. The Greeks further established a model government that, despite many wars, functioned fairly well without dispute from the people.The Golden Age of Greece began around 500 BC and lasted until approximately 300 BC. Directly prior to the beginning of this age, Greece had just finished fighting a war against Persia. Although the Greeks won this war, they were the victors only by a small margin. This small margin revealed to many of the empowered Grecian people that Greece needed to be a united nation, not an assembly of independent city states. Greece then began the complicated process of unifying itself into a single nation. Athens set up the Delian League to aid in this process.The two most well known city states of this time were Athens and Sparta. ( These two cities were responsible for bringing Greece to its pinnacle as a society. Athens in general was the stereotypically more refined and sophisticated city state of the two. The Athenian society put great emphasis on the humanities and the arts. Sparta, on the other hand, favored the individual for his athletic ability and for his greatness as a warrior. Sparta, as a whole, was a very warlike and militaristic society. The Spartans formed the backbone of the Grecian Army and were the go-to guys when war broke out. Together, these two city states set the precedent for modern day standards of living, as well as established many laws that form the basis of modern legal systems today. ( art, as we think of it today, made significant developments during Greece’s Golden Age. The art of Ancient Greece is divided into four distinct periods: the Geometric, the Archaic, the Classical, and the Hellenistic period. Although much is known about ancient Greek art, little is known about the archaic period, in particular. ( we know from written sources that the Greeks painted pictures from the Bronze Age through to the Roman conquest and beyond, most of them have been destroyed. It may seem strange that more of the older paintings survived than the more recent ones. This is because some of the Bronze Age paintings were buried by volcanoes (as at Pompeii) and others were buried by earthquakes, and so they were not destroyed and archaeologists were able to dig them up. (Carr, “Greek Painting”)The only difference between the Geometric period and the rest of the artistic periods is that marble sculpture had not yet been developed. Otherwise,...

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