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The Gothic Period Essay

1429 words - 6 pages

The Gothic Period in the twelfth century influenced the creation of Gothic Revival Architecture in the nineteenth century. Gothic architecture began in France in 1140. Some of the first buildings made using this style are the Basilica of Saint Denis and the Cathedral of Sens. (Gothic Architecture By Paul Frank) This style of architecture started losing popularity in the early sixteenth century, but did not die out completely during this time period. Gothic architecture was still predominantly in cathedrals and churches. The rise of Romanticism began in the eighteenth century–leading to an awareness and increased interest of the Middle Ages, specifically interest in church architecture. ...view middle of the document...

Bricks and stone were the favored materials when constructing Gothic Revival buildings. (http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/late_victorian_period/2389/high_victorian_gothic_style/294719) These characteristics helped shape Gothic Revival Architecture and make it well known. Buildings with Gothic Revival Architecture have the most detail. Gothic Revival Architecture became well known because of how ornate its designs were.
Gothic Revival Architecture isn’t just known for its unique characteristics, it's also known for influencing many sub styles. One famous substyle of Gothic Revival Architecture is Polychrome Brick Gothic. Polychrome Brick Gothic was developed in Britain in the nineteenth century when it became popular to use multiple colors of bricks. (http://www.essential-humanities.net/western-art/architecture/neoclassical-romantic/) This means that people wove bricks on the side of buildings to make colorful patterns. Besides having all of the characteristics of the original Gothic Revival Architecture, Polychrome Brick Gothic also has its own set of characteristics. The main characteristic of this substyle is the linear decorative polychrome bands of brick. These decorative bands of bricks were also incorporated into chimneys. Another characteristic is masonry construction and pointed arch windows and doorways. Above these windows and doorways are steeply gabled roofs that often have cross gables. An example of this type of architecture can be seen at Keble College Chapel, located in Oxford. There were also many other types of sub styles of Gothic Revival Architecture–besides Polychrome Brick Gothic.
Another famous substyle of Gothic Revival Architecture is Carpenter Gothic. Carpenter Gothic was developed in America in the nineteenth century. This substyle developed due to the abundance of North American timber and “the carpenter-built vernacular architectures” (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpenter_Gothic). This is architecture based on local needs and construction materials. In Carpenter Gothic, gothic beauty is applied to simple wooden buildings. (http://www.essential-humanities.net/western-art/architecture/neoclassical-romantic/) Most structures that used this type of architecture are small domestic buildings and small churches. Many examples of this type of structure were built in Nevada in the mid to late 1800s. Like other forms of architecture, Carpenter Gothic has its own set of characteristics. Common feature include board and batten siding and buttressing. Many examples of this type of architecture can be found in Florida. These include St. Luke's Episcopal Church and Cemetery in Courtenay, St. Mark's Episcopal Church in Palatka, Andrews Memorial Chapel in Demedin, and Grace Episcopal Church and Guild Hall in Port Orange. Polychrome Brick Gothic and Carpenter Gothic are just two examples of how Gothic Revival Architecture influenced buildings.
This style of architecture was used on many types of...

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