The Gothic Tales Of: The Cask Of Amontillado And A Rose For Emily

1133 words - 5 pages

There are many literary devices used in writing a short story. Some important literary devices are irony, symbolism, and imagery. This not only gives insight to the author's style but it also allows the reader to understand the short story they are reading. In "The Cask Of Amontillado," by Edgar Allan Poe and "A Rose For Emily," by William Faulkner the use of irony, symbolism, and imagery are used to show readers what pride, revenge, and power will do to people.The irony in "The Cask Of Amontillado" is indicated when Montresor states, "I continued, as was my wont, to smile in his face, and he did not perceive that my smile now was at the thought of his immolation" (217). Fortunato has no idea that his "friend" is going to kill him and Fortunato allows Montresor to take advantage of him. Not only does Montresor get Fortunato drunk but Montresor makes many comments to Fortunato on the way to the "vault" to indicate Fortunato's fate that lies ahead. Not to mention the death of Fortunato was intended to be a slow and torturous death so he could think about what he did wrong. Instead, Fortunato dies quickly, "But to these words I hearkened in vain for a reply. I grew impatient. I called aloud- 'Fortunato!' No answer. I called again…" (222).This upsets Montresor and defeats his purpose to make Fortunato suffer.On the other hand, in "A Rose For Emily" the irony is indicated by the way Emily's father treats her, "We remembered all the young men her father had driven away, but we knew that nothing was left, she would have to cling to the which had robbed her, as people will" (317). Emily is not allowed to have any freedoms under her father's rule because she is like a wife to him. After Emily's father dies she keeps her father's corps for a few days indicating Emily's refusal to let go of the past or of anyone who does her wrong. Also, the title of the story "A Rose For Emily" shows how ironic it is that Emily's "rose" is the room she poisoned her lover in, leaving his dead body laying on the bed.In "The Cask Of Amontillado," Poe uses a lot of symbolism. Montresor's coat of arms, for example, is "a huge foot d'or (of gold), in a field azure; the foot crushes a serpent rampant whose fangs are imbedded in the heel" (Poe 219) and the motto is "Nemo me impune lacessit" (Poe 220), meaning "no one attacks me without paying dearly"(Poe 220). This clearly indicates the pride Montresor has to maintain the words of his coat of arms and motto. Montresor sees himself as the golden foot that crushes Fortunato the serpent, who has done Mo. Montresor is unremorseful and amused his cleverness and his "pursuit of revenge against Fortunato represents the enactment of an elaborate ritual that resembles the profane rites of the 'Black Mass' or a parody of archetypal events, such as the conflict between good and evil…"(Schick). Another symbol is the casket of wine, which represent the catacombs that Fortunato is buried alive in, not wine. Also, Fortunato's name,...

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