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The Great Barrier Reef Essay

1089 words - 4 pages

The Great Barrier Reef, which is the world's greatest nature reef, the total length is more than 2000km along Queensland's North-east coast. As the world's largest and most complex reefs, it has thousands of beautiful coral reefs and hundreds of continental islands. (GBRMPA, 2005). Apart from its natural beauty, tourism is the largest commercial activity in the Great Barrier Reef region, it is about 2 million tourists and 500 commercial vessels. (Brace, 2003: 98). By the marine tourism industry is a major contributor to the local and Australian economy. However, according to Australian research department, is generally of a reactive nature to site-specific problems such as the impacts of visitors on the Great Barrier Reef. (Hall, 1991:298). In addition, Scientists said today that the Great Barrier Reef damaged about 10 percent due to the tourism activities. (CBC, 2005). An example is the disappearance of the coral gardens, which has an impact on human activity because of the Great Barrier Reef's visitors are largely drawn to the area to experience the reef. Therefore, this essay will concern the impact of tourism on the Great Barrier Reef has been largely ecological and economic.One of the negative ecological impacts of tourists is litter and waste discharge. In areas with a high concentrations of tourist activities and appealing natural attractions, waste disposal is a serious issue and improper disposal can be a major damage of the natural environment. Although some cleaner boats are trying to clean the reef as often as they can, the visitor still ignores the litter in some place. Solid waste and littering can degrade the physical appearance of the water and shoreline and cause the death of marine animals.Beside the waste discharge, some recreational activities are the significant major issue bad to the reef, there are several ways in which tourists can influence the conditions of the Great Barrier Reef, such as snorkelling, scuba diving, fishing and reef walking. Most of tourists are like to touch with natural resource, so that the scuba diving, reef walking and ships. are the suitable chooses for them. However, these forms of entertainment result in people directly having contact with marine life. Such as: when they dive, the people are likely to touch the coral or catch the small fish. Those actions might be made the marine life die. Overfish is an attractive entertainment as well. Many tourists enjoy fishing on the reef, however, most of them do not know enough basic protection knowledge about the fishing. For instance, should fishing in the fishing region and no small size fish (baby fish). Consequently, lots of precious fish species have died due to the improper fishing.Owing to the causes are litter discharges and recreational, there are the two main aspects that affect the Great Barrier Reef, directly affects the marine lives, which live in the sea, such as Dugong, fish and shrimp. It could destroy the marine ecosystems, the corals. Due...

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