This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Great Depression Essay

2000 words - 8 pages

The Great Depression
When a person hears the words “The Great Depression,” almost everyone thinks of the worst economic times in the United States. The Great Depression started in the late 1920s and continued on until the early 1940s. It is known as being “the deepest and longest-lasting economic downturn in the history of the western industrialized world” (History.com). We can learn from the occurrences during The Great Depression that government involvement is the deciding factor of whether an economy will expand or continue to shrink during a recession.
The 1920’s, also known as the Roaring Twenties, were fantastic times for the economy. People were buying extravagant things such as automobiles, and investing in the stock market in order to make big money. Many of the new, expensive things that people purchased were bought on credit. People even bought stocks “on margin,” which means with borrowed money. All this extravagance would soon disappear and everything people bought on credit or margin would soon come back to haunt them.
October 29, 1929, what would later be known as “Black Tuesday,” was the day that the stock market crashed and The Great Depression started. The stock market prices had continually gone up and up to a point where there was no possible way that businesses were going to make that much in their future earnings. Investors began to sell their stocks in large quantities. Around 16 million shares were sold just on “Black Tuesday”. Because of this, millions of shares ended up becoming worthless. Those investors who had bought their stocks on margin ended up becoming completely wiped out because of this day. Personal investors were not the only people to invest in the stock market; banks also did. Banks invested large amounts of their depositors’ money into the stock market. These banks had to close because they lost all that money in the crash.
During this time, 1929, the United States had not created the Federal Reserve yet, nor had it created regulations on banks or insured banks so that depositors could get their money back up to a certain amount if the bank closed. So these banks closing meant people lost all the money they had deposited there. Also, the fact that banks were closing caused people to panic and run to their banks to withdraw their money. The problem with that is the fact that banks use depositors’ money to loan out to other people so they don’t actually have all the depositors’ money at the bank. So the people at the back of the lines didn’t get their money back because the bank did not have enough money. Those people also lost all of their money that was in the bank. The banks from which people withdrew all of their money from were forced to close because they no longer had any depositors, meaning they no longer had money. By 1933, 11,000 out of the 25,000 banks in the United States had closed (Nelson).
With the crash of the stock market and the closing of many banks, several people lost faith and...

Find Another Essay On The Great Depression

The Great Depression( Canada) Essay

1013 words - 4 pages The great depression, a time that was hard for almost all Canadian citizens. A time where Canadians looked towards there government for some form of decisive action that would end the great depression but unfortunately, Canadians only received relief efforts and attempts at protecting our economy both of which where horrible inadequate. As a result, Canadians during this time faced a series of hardships which worsened the human condition

The Great Depression Essay

910 words - 4 pages The Great Depression Many times throughout history, the United States has undergone economic depression. The most recognized period of economic depression is called the Great Depression. The Great Depression is well known because of the seriousness of the stock market crash. The results of the crash were more serious than any other crash throughout American History. The Great Depression caused a change in the nature of the

The Great Depression

1759 words - 8 pages There have been many downturns in America’s economy, but one stands far above the rest. The term for depression refers to long-term severe downturn in economic activity. The Great Depression is, without a doubt, the longest and most severe in American history. When sustained for a long period of time, it’s not surprising that the people affected by an economic depression could begin to feel emotionally depressed. The Great Depression lasted over

The Great Depression

2358 words - 10 pages The Great Depression At the end of the 1920s the world experienced a devastating economic depression that struck countries with market economies. Despite the great depression being mildly experienced in some countries, the United States of America was hit so mind-bogglingly that at its nadir in 1933 an approximate value of 25% of all workers and an overwhelming 37 % of all non-farm workers were completely out of work and thrown to the curbs. The

The Great Depression

553 words - 2 pages The Great Depression "Exploration is the engine that drives innovation. Innovation drives economic growth. So let's all go exploring" ­Edith Widder. The status on America's economy is what the country depends on. In the past, there have been various events that have affected our economy in different ways. The Great Depression of the 1930s was one of the most severe economic failures of all time. However, it was the American people

the great depression

714 words - 3 pages 1 The Great Depression Causes of the Great Depression Many factors played a role in bringing about the depression; however, the main cause for the Great Depression was the combination of the greatly unequal distribution of wealth throughout the 1920's and 30's, and the extensive stock market speculation that took place during the 1930's. These were not only the factors of the great depression, structural weaknesses and the fact that most of the

The Great Depression

1296 words - 5 pages The Causes of the Great Depression The cause of the Great Depression has been debated for many years. The actual cause of the Great Depression is a multitude of factors, there was no single cause. Several reasons for the Great Depression were supply and demand, the banking system, wages of workers, success and failure of business, government policy, excessive speculation in the stock market and the unequal distribution of wealth

The Great Depression

1203 words - 5 pages      The Great Depression was a period, which seemed to go out of control. The crashing of the stock markets left most Canadians unemployed and in debt, prairie farmers suffered immensely with the inability to produce valuable crops, and the Canadian Government and World War II became influential factors in the ending of the Great Depression. The 1920’s meant prosperity for Canada. Canadians living in the 1920’s were

The Great Depression - 664 words

664 words - 3 pages The Great Depression is one of the longest and most severe economic hysterias experienced by the industrialized Western world. During the depression the political, economic, and social institutions in the U.S were in bad conditions. The government, various groups, and individuals sought ways to address the problems that Americans faced. Starting in the United States and later on engulfing nations worldwide, the Great depression that up rose

The Great Depression - 2209 words

2209 words - 9 pages “No one can possibly have lived through the Great Depression without being scarred by it. No amount of experience since the depression can convince someone who has lived through it that the world is safe economically.” Isaac Asimov's is defined simply as terror and pain for all humanity that had to endure through the depression years. He states the fact that it was unpreperable and a shock (Isaac Asimov). This quote is symbolic of one

The Great Depression - 2235 words

2235 words - 9 pages The Great Depression was a time of sadness and poverty for many. It became an unforgettable historical time in American history. The author of the book The Great Depression, Pierre Berton gives a clear view of what happened from 1929-1941. He basically outlines the Depression event by event, explaining what happened where and who was involved. Although many books can tell stories of the depression, I think the author of this book did a good job

Similar Essays

The Great Depression Essay

1279 words - 5 pages Many adolescents, In the Great Depression, received the full affects and suffered. Some were left hungry, impoverished, and hopeless, how are adolescents today compared? The 30’s were a time of great distress for many Americans. Events such as the stock market crash, an economy suffering from being inflated, overuse of credit, a farming crisis, and other events led America to the economic downfall known as the Great Depression. During the great

The Great Depression Essay 902 Words

902 words - 4 pages Two books by different historians paint a largely similar picture of the Great Depression of the 1930s, but have quite different attitudes about this period. The Age of Extremes, The Short Twentieth Century 1914 - 1991, written by Eric Hobsbawm, who experienced the depression first hand, exaggerates somewhat the social suffering of this period. Whereas Britain in the Depression: Society and Politics 1929 - 1939 was written by two much younger

The Great Depression Essay 1004 Words

1004 words - 5 pages The decade known as the Great Depression was an era filled with both hardship and tribulation. Historians continue to debate the root causes of the collapse of the stock market which led the country into depression. Other deride the ineptitude of the Canadian government’s response to the crisis. At any rate, the “Dirty Thirties” was a period of time unlike any other. While those who suffered through it are largely gone, the memory of those dark

The Great Depression( Canada) Essay

1013 words - 4 pages The great depression, a time that was hard for almost all Canadian citizens. A time where Canadians looked towards there government for some form of decisive action that would end the great depression but unfortunately, Canadians only received relief efforts and attempts at protecting our economy both of which where horrible inadequate. As a result, Canadians during this time faced a series of hardships which worsened the human condition