Embedded in the novel, The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, there are many different scenarios make the reader wonder what the author was thinking when he wrote the novel. According to the literary theory of psychoanalytic criticism, literature is shaped by the psychological needs, desires and conflicts of things that might have happened in the past. This theory sets up the characters for why they are the way they are. As humans, we only use ten percent of our brains during our life. The human brain has been manipulated a great deal throughout a lifetime; therefore it is hard to find the real author in his or her writing, because so much has happened in the author’s life that the characters behaviors might be from traumas from the authors’ childhood.
During the course of the novel, characters are not willing to make strong connections with other characters because they have a nagging feeling that friends and loved ones cant be trusted, this is commonly known as the fear of betrayal. The fear of intimacy is also a crucial role in the novel. Daisy obsession with Tom indicates her intimacy with him, but soon after in the novel this intimacy with Tom turns into a fear of intimacy, which is also known as the overpowering feeling that emotional closeness will seriously hurt or restore oneself, and therefore remain emotionally safe only by remaining at a distance from others. Throughout the fear of intimacy, the reader can tell that Daisy almost accepts that Tom has other women, but then again Daisy herself also has a relationship with Gatsby. She has been living at an emotional distance with Tom, it is also observed throughout Gatsby’s presence with Daisy. To the reader, this situation can be seen as Daisy is allowing letting herself to get cheated on.
In the 1920s when the novel The Great Gatsby was published, Sigmund Freud was one of the leading people on discovering Psychology. Freud proposed the theory of personality, which allows us to show the importance of the unconscious mind. Throughout Freud’s research, he came to the conclusion that some childhood experiences and unconscious impulses had an effect on the adult behaviors of the person. In the 20th century, the research of the intentions and motives behind ones actions was evaluated. Sigmund Freud found the key parts of psychoanalysis including, the different parts of the brain like the ego, superego, and the id, which are the different defense mechanisms.
The different parts of the brain are the id, which is the pleasure principle to even out the superego, the ego is a self-reality pleasure and the superego is the ego’s ideal moral guardian. Like every human, Gatsby also has an id, ego, and super ego. Gatsby’s id is his desire for Daisy, his ego develops his personality rather than allowing multiple personalities, and his superego is Nick who is playing a huge part in giving suggestions to Gatsby and looking out for him.
The different defense mechanisms are selective perception,...