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The Great Migration, Jim Crow Laws And Discrimination Against African Americans

1414 words - 6 pages

The Great Migration period during the age of Jim Crow was a time of major movement of African Americans within the United States. Between the years 1910 to 1930 a huge population increase occurred within African American society that ultimately caused the beginning stages of the Great Migration. As a result, this population increase of blacks influenced them to seek for better opportunity in work, land, and safety for their families. Outside of those reasons one major factor that forced African Americans to migrate was the influence of Jim Crow laws and practices. Jim Crow was still present during this period and caused colored individuals to seek for more habitable areas outside the South ...view middle of the document...

In addition, this fear pushed African Americans to leave the south and head north in hope that they can have an overall better life. I believe that Boyle’s claim is very accurate in the sense that the overall general white population did see African Americans as “primitive”. When a successful black man or woman is heard of within a southern town, it was expected that white mobs would go through great extents to persecute that individual in any way possible.
As fear for one’s livelihood pushed African Americans to head north. They looked towards big industrial cities such as Detroit, Pittsburg, New York, and Chicago with the ideology that they would have better opportunity for themselves and their family (Lecture 2/20/2014). Sadly, due to the influence of Jim Crow the idea of heading north for better opportunity wasn’t as promising then what African Americans expected. Indeed, they escaped to torment of lynching in the south but the Ku Klux Klan did have a presence within northern states and recruited white individuals. In addition, segregation of schools, churches, and public transportation was still in effect within northern states. Even though there was still a Jim Crow presence in the north it was not to the extent as it was in the south. African Americans did make a little more money when working industrial jobs, such as automobile factories, but working conditions were not up to par (Lecture 2/20/2014). This idea of leaving the south out of fear and hope of better opportunity reveals that African Americans looked towards self help rather than relying on the federal government to protect them. Overall, colored people were subjected to finding there own means of protection and help being that they had no one to rely on besides fellow black individuals. Due to the influences of Jim Crow, African Americans were forced to finding their own way of improving there lives.
The Great Migration period also acted as a form of protest in a sense being that African Americans were no longer restricted to the land they are on unless they owe debt. African Americans were a big labor force that produced a lot of economic prosperity in the south before the Great Migration. Being that there was a huge population increase of blacks, white people viewed that their lives were at risk and threaten being that they are out numbered and control over African Americans are slipping through their finger tips. As a result of this fear of being out numbered and losing control, angry white individuals looked to claim false accusations towards African Americans to make them face jail time so they can remain in the south. But that did not stop colored individuals from ending up migrating north being that they indeed feared for their lives and the lives of there loved ones. So as a result, blacks migrating out of the south damaged the South’s economic growth. But when arrived north the same persecution they experienced in the south was present in the north. Kevin Boyle...

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