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The Great Pacific Garbage Patch Essay

1382 words - 6 pages

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is an accumulation of marine debris in the North Pacific Ocean. Marine debris is trash that culminates up in oceans, seas, and other sizable voluminous bodies of dihydrogen monoxide. Its also known as the Eastern Pacific Garbage Patch and the Pacific Trash Vortex. It’s located in a high-pressure area between the U.S. states of Hawaii and California. This area is in the middle of the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre. For many people, the conception of a “garbage patch” displays images of an island of trash floating on the ocean. In reality, these patches are conventionally composed of tiny bits of plastic, called microplastics. Microplastics that make up the majority of garbage patches can’t always be visible. Satellite imagery of oceans doesn’t show a giant patch of garbage. Many oceanographers and climatologists predicted the existence of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. However, the actual discovery of the patch was made by a racing boat captain, Charles Moore. Moore was sailing from Hawaii to California after competing in a yachting race (1997). Crossing the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre, Moore and his crew noticed millions of pieces of plastic surrounding his ship.
There are different ways and kinds of trash that get into the ocean from glass bottles to aluminum cans to medical waste. The majority of marine debris, however, is plastic. Scientists have accumulated up to 750,000 bits of plastic in a single square kilometer (or 1.9 million bits per square mile) of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. Its sprawl may cover an area as much as one and a half times the size of the United States, Moore says, and to a depth of 100 feet, if not deeper. But because this rubbish is in the ocean, it drifts. Fragments peel off here and there; some of it drops to the ocean floor. Even for those who do understand the makeup of the garbage patch, its effect on the marine ecosystem, is yet largely unknown.
In the article, “The World’s Largest Dump: The Great Pacific Garbage Patch”, it mentioned that the UNEP indicates that today 80% of all marine debris that washes ashore such as trash and toxic matter originally comes from shore based activities such as fun parties at the beaches and picnics. For example the cups that gets blown off the beach in San fransicso then it finds its way to the patch. The inland, rivers and streams carry trash to the sea. Marah Hardt who is fellow from the Blue Ocean Institute, mentions that a lot of people are not aware of the negtive impacts they have on the ocean because they can’t see it. They think its far out there while their waste, garbage disposals, drainpipes, and sewers lead directly to the ocean. Factories dump and Air pollution seeps are just examples of how the oceans become pulleted.
There is another example of garbage patch that actually exist for example Western Garbage Patch whish is located on the off coast of Japan. The Eastern Garbage Patch located between California and Hawaii...

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