This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution In China

1912 words - 8 pages

The “Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution” or the “Cultural Revolution” had been a failed attempt at making China a stronger country. This revolution had destroyed China’s rich history. The period from 1966 to 1969 had been terrifying years in which the Red Guards used violence to purge China of any anti- communist sources. Mao Zedong had led the violence and turmoil in China after his failed attempt at the Great Leap Forward. He relied on China’s youth to change the traditional customs and ideas. The students carried the Cultural Revolution forward and were encouraged to attack authority. Mao said, “to rebel is justified.”(par. 2, Schell). The stated goals of the Cultural Revolution were to abolish the four olds, “old customs, old culture, old habits, and old ideas.” (pg118, Kort) Mao Zedong’s failed attempt was shown in the poor educational reforms, the loss of China’s cultural history, and the horrible treatment towards anti-communists.
The detrimental effect of the Cultural Revolution was shown in the change in China’s education system. The education system’s decline in performance was a result of the horrible system changes. In order to purge the students that opposed the revolution, officials closed down schools. Since Mao Zedong needed the students to create the Red Guard, he took them out of schools and universities. In the book, China Under Communist, Kort states that, “By the summer there were over 11 million of them [students].”(pg. 118) The students that were taken away from their education imminently led to a significant decrease in the education system. They were taken out of school to join the Red Guard. He had selfishly taken the students away from school to strengthen his ideology of making China a communist country. With more than 11 million students in the Red Guard, the students were no longer receiving the proper education. He had all of the students constantly hold around the “Little Red Book” which talked about his own ideals. This had been his own way of promoting his role as a leader through propaganda. Their educational system was replaced with one that only followed the ideals of Mao Zedong. Instead of engaging students in versatile teachings, students were confined to learning about the important communist beliefs. This confinement revealed the harmful effects of only stressing the Maoist ideals in the education system. In addition. the intellectuals were all executed or sent to work on the farmland with excruciating work. Mao said, “All wisdom comes from the masses. I’ve always said that intellectuals are the most lacking in intellect.”(qtd. by Wright, pg.123). This personal statement from the leader shows the danger he believed the intellectuals held. The wisdom from the masses that he refers to is the communist beliefs that he feeds the citizens. Therefore, the intellectuals were the target opposition because they refused Mao’s “wisdom.” The loss of intellectuals had directly affected the education system. Even...

Find Another Essay On The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in China

To what extent did the Cultural Revolution in China affect the destruction and elimination of all religious institutions in Albania (1967-1970)?

1847 words - 7 pages were rumours about what the leaders of these two "sister-parties" would discuss and would decide for the future of this new Marxist-Leninist theory on how to treat the masses and the people; to protect the socialist Motherland. At the time the Cultural Revolution in China had already started and it attacked mostly intellectuals and religious institutions. The events occurring in China were seen by Hoxha with great interest and in order to fulfill

The New China (China Revolution) Essay

1279 words - 5 pages flowers campaign allowed the people of China to criticize (constructively) affairs and the arts. Scholars could debate theories that had no political connotations. Writers could comment on society but not the socialist system. The campaign was stopped when the party and socialism came under attack. The great Cultural Revolution was a political campaign in China (1966-1976). It was intended to eliminate Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist

The Chinese Cultural Revolution

1700 words - 7 pages The Chinese Cultural Revolution The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, beginning as a campaign targeted at removing Chairman Mao Zedong's political opponents, was a time when practically every aspect of Chinese society was in pandemonium. From 1966 through 1969, Mao encouraged revolutionary committees, including the red guards, to take power from the Chinese Communist party authorities of the state. The Red Guards, the majority being

Cultural Disparities in Ancient China

3334 words - 13 pages people of the steppe lands into China, greatly enriched Chinese civilization.”1 Although non-Han groups had a formative impact on the Han, the cultural gap between the groups is never fully breached. In, “The Civil and the Savage”, Mya Opeia states: The vast cultural gap between the civil Chinese and the Savage barbarians was too great to ever truly breach. Simply put, these are two irreconcilably different cultures with few shared

Cultural Revolution Of The 1920s

744 words - 3 pages The 1920's were times of cultural revolution. The times were changing in many different ways. Whenever the times change, there is a clash between the "old" and the "new" generations. The 1920's were no exception. In Dayton, Tennessee, 1925, a high school biology teacher was arrested. He was arrested because he taught the theory of evolution. The teacher, John T. Scopes, was accused of having violated the Butler Act. This

The Great Wall of China

2160 words - 9 pages and there was no need for the Great Wall. This wouldn't be the last time the wall would be destroyed.Once again in the 1960, the wall came under pressure by the Chinese government. Do to a Cultural Revolution, the government thought that old-fashioned, cultural tradition were worthless and should be eradicated; this even meant the Great Wall. The wall had already been falling apart from years of neglect but the government was determined to erase

The Great Wall of China

925 words - 4 pages the Great Wall of China started in 221 B.C. During this time, Emperor Qin Shi Huang ruled. The wall ended in about 39 A.D. with the emperor Guang Wudi. The Great Wall of China took more than 200 years to complete.The Great Wall of China stretches across the northern part of China throughthe provinces of Liaoning, Hebei, Tianjin, Beijing, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu. It isn’t straight across all the way. In the deserts, it

The Great Wall of China

2866 words - 11 pages this tragedy arose triumph with the wall, being so much to so many people. The Great Wall of China is much more than a wall, and was built for many reasons that are hidden to most. Construction of the Great Wall started in the 7th century B.C. The wall states that under the Zhou Dynasty in the northern parts of the country each built their own walls for defense purposes. After the state of Qin unified China in 221 B.C., it joined the walls to

The Great Wall of China

906 words - 4 pages centuries to come.The Great Wall of China was first built over two thousand years ago by the first emperor of both the Chin dynasty and China, Shi Huangdi. Its purpose at the time was to drive and keep out the barbaric Northern tribes of Mongols and Huns who regularly attacked and raided Chinese farms and cities near the border. Shi Huangdi appointed General Meng Tien in charge of the construction of the Great Wall as well as over a million slaves

Cross Cultural Doing business in China

7232 words - 29 pages conclusion. Doing Business in China A background of the roots of cultural differences and how they manifest themselves in business settings has been provided here. As has been discussed, the Chinese style of doing business involves a great deal of relationship- building. The understanding of this information is essential to establishing a solid relationship with future business partners and customers. The first section will be about some of the

The Great Wall of China - 738 words

738 words - 3 pages The Great Wall of China is an assemblage of smaller walls built by various dynasties over many years. Builders erected these walls for protection from invasions by those from the north. The Great Wall itself, with a history lasting over 2000 years, measures approximately 5,500 miles in length, although some of the sections lie in ruin or have disappeared altogether. It is about 25 feet high and is 15-30 feet wide. It is the longest man-made

Similar Essays

Chaotic Period During The Cultural Revolution In China

2369 words - 9 pages Introduction The period of the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) was a period in which every level of society was subjected to great sufferings. Although the loss of life was greater during the Great Leap Forward and the second Sino-Japanese war, suffering is not only measured in loss of life. Great pieces of cultural heritage was destroyed, official institutions seized functioning and everyone was in danger of being accused of counter

The Cultural Revolution That Took Place In China

2252 words - 9 pages Overview In the last few years China is quickly becoming the country that has stolen all of the jobs from the United States. Maybe there is something to be gained from looking at how the Chinese people do things and what they view as important. The Cultural Revolution that took place in China greatly changed how the Chinese do things. Starting in 1966 this revolution ended how “Old China” viewed and did things. Mao Zedong had a different

The Causes And Consequences Of The Cultural Revolution In China (1966 76)

566 words - 2 pages The Great Leap forward failed, therefore Mao was demoted and the moderates took control because Mao was still too popular to resign. One of the political consequences was that Mao wanted to reassert himself and regain power in China after he was demoted because of the failure of the Great Leap Forward.Mao had the gained the support of Lin Biao and the PLA therefore launched the Cultural Revolution. Mao wanted to get rid of anti communist ideas

The Orgins Of The Cultural Revolution. Talks About How The Cultural Revolution In China Came About. May Need Some Grammatical Work

1589 words - 6 pages Soviet Union is the tomorrow of China" was often displayed. Another historian felt that the failure of the Great Leap Forward caused Mao to put forth the Cultural Revolution. A third historian felt that it was a power struggle that set for the Cultural Revolution.Suzanne Pepper mentions that one cause of the Cultural Revolution was the League of Nations. The new Chinese government, established in the late 1920s by the Nationalist Party, invited the