The Great Pyramid of Giza
Who built the Great Pyramid?
The Great Pyramid was built by the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu. Khufuwas
born in 2589 BC - 2566 BC. His real name was Khnum-khuf meaning 'the
god Khnum is his protection. Khufuwas the son of another great pyramid
builder, King Sneferu. Khufu's mothers name was Hetepheres. Khufuwas
the second king in the 4th dynasty. The Greeks referred Khufu as
When and Where was the Great Pyramid built?
The Great Pyramid was built in the city of Giza, a resting place of
ancient Memphis, and today it is part of Greater Cairo, Egypt. That's
why it is called the Great Pyramid of GIZA. It is near the west bank
of the Nile River. It was built around 2700 B C and its estimated date
of completion is 2680 B C. It took 100,000 oppressed slaves to build
Fascinating Facts about the Great Pyramid of Giza
Did you know that the Great pyramid of Giza is thirty times larger
than the Empire State Building! The Great Pyramid is so big that a
highway lane eight feet wide and four inches thick could be built from
San Francisco to New York and put inside the Great Pyramid! To build
the great pyramid, they used limestone. Each limestone block weighed
about 2 and 15 tonnes. They used approximately 2,300,000 blocks of
limestone. Until the 19th century it was the tallest building in the
world and, at the age of 4,500 years, it is the only one of the famous
"Seven Wonders of the Ancient World" that still stands They needed to
cut, move, and set in place all the blocks without any machinery,
electricity, fossil fuels, or metal tools. They had to use their hands
and hand made tools! Do you know how high the Great Pyramid of Giza
is? The Great Pyramid stood 481 feet (146.6 m) tall! It's 65 times Yao
Ming's height, and Yao Ming's tall!
What Materials was it Built, What Tools were used, and How was it
To build the pyramid the Egyptians used rock. They also used limestone
to build the pyramid. It was used to cover the pyramid so it would
glimmer under the sun. The best limestone was deeper underground, so
the men tunneled under the ground. The limestone was then removed from
underneath and brought to the building site.
To get the rocks and limestone out of the ground, one man would begin
by chipping away at the rock with a pick. He would dig a channel,
growing wider and wider that freed a large block on all sides except
for the base. Then other men would use levers to pry the block free.
Once freed, the rock...