The Great Pyramids Essay

2701 words - 11 pages

The Great Pyramids

Throughout the thousands of years that the Great Pyramid has been standing, there have been many myths and legends that sprung up. Among them was a landing site for alien spacecraft, a spacecraft itself, or the means to predict the future. This report is going to explain the actual reason the Great Pyramid of Giza exists, how and why it has existed for so long, and the story of its construction.

The builder of the Great Pyramid does not get enough credit for his unbelievable achievement. Khufu (Also known as Cheops) was pharaoh for 24 years, 20 of which were occupied by the construction of the pyramid. The Greeks of the period called him Cheops but his original Egyptian name was Khufu.
Despite building the largest structure in the world at the time, only a nine-centimeter statue depicting him has been discovered. It seems odd that nothing more of such a great ruler would show up.
Another oddity is that there was absolutely nothing found within the pyramid, except the coffer. No organs, no treasure, no body. Nothing. You could argue that robbers came and stole the treasure, but why take the body or the organs? Also the coffer is too big to fit through the passage ascending to the King's Chamber, which means that the coffer was placed in the Chamber while the roof was still unfinished, contrary to traditional Egyptian burials. Normally, they would carry the coffer containing the pharaoh's corpse up through the ascending passage to his final resting place. This tells us that the Great Pyramid of Giza was probably not intended as a tomb. What was it for then? Lets see if we can find out.

The Pyramid

It's 756 feet long on each side, 450 high and is composed of 2,300,000 blocks of stone, each averaging 2 1/2 tons in weight. Despite the makers' limited surveying tools no side is more than 8 inches different in length than another, and the whole structure is perfectly oriented to the points of the compass. Until the 19th century it was the tallest building in the world and, at the age of 4,500 years, it is the only one of the famous "Seven Wonders of the Ancient World" that still stands. It is the Great Pyramid of Khufu, at Giza, Egypt.
Some of the earliest history of the Pyramid comes from a Greek traveler named Herodotus of Halicanassus. He visited Egypt around 450 BC and included a description of the Great Pyramid in a history book he wrote. Herodotus was told by his Egyptian guides that it took twenty-years for a force of 100,000 oppressed slaves to build the pyramid. Stones were lifted into position by the use of immense machines. The purpose of the structure, according to Herodotus's sources, was as a tomb for the Pharaoh Khufu (whom the Greeks referred to as Cheops).
Most of what Herodotus tells us is probably false. Scientists calculate that fewer men and fewer years were needed than Herodotus suggests. It also seems unlikely that slaves or complicated machines were needed for the pyramid...

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