The Great Leap Forward Essay

612 words - 2 pages

The Great Leap Forward (1958-1960), was an economic and social plan initiated by Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung), with the intent of radically increasing agricultural and industrial production in the People's Republic of China, and of bringing China to the brink of a utopian communist society.

The Great Leap Forward was a reaction to the Hundred Flowers Campaign, a more moderate development program in China in 1957. In this earlier program, Mao Zedong tried to win the support of Chinese intellectuals by calling for their constructive criticism of the policies of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). However, such an unexpected torrent of dissatisfaction fell on party leaders that in June 1957 the CCP abandoned the Hundred Flowers plan and moved in much more radical directions, imposing strict controls on freedom of expression and dismissing or imprisoning many intellectuals.

The CCP then called upon all Chinese to engage in physical labor to transform the economy, forcing over 100 million people into projects such as land reclamation and the construction of irrigation systems, which were designed to increase agricultural production. During the Leap, huge self-sufficient communes were established in the Chinese countryside, and China proclaimed that it would overtake England in the production of major products in 15 years. Chinese leaders thought that China was on the verge of establishing a Communist utopia, in which all people would work together to make China productive and totally self-sufficient.

Over the next several years, production targets for communes grew continually larger, and officials competed against each other to see who could proclaim the highest yields. The CCP leadership believed the targets to be accurate and used them, rather than actual production figures, as the basis for determining taxes, which were collected in grain rather than currency. As a result, the amount of grain available to the people of China...

Find Another Essay On The Great Leap Forward

History of China under Mao Zedong

832 words - 3 pages History of China under Mao Zedong The Great Leap Forward programme was introduced in 1958 when Mao saw that a new middle class of "experts" growing up, calling the shots in high places of society. He also wanted to increase the country's production and catalyse industrialisation. Seeing an urgent need to lead China back to "true" Communism, he announced the "Great Leap Forward". The Great Leap Forward

Mao Zedong and the Chinese Genocide

2243 words - 9 pages guilty of genocide because his actions satisfy components of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. Mao's suppression of the mass of laborers through the Great Leap Forward is evidence that his actions satisfy multiple components of genocide. He initially created unrealistic crop and product output quotas. As well within the Great Leap Forward Mao created gruesome labor camps that he justified through his

British Colonization of Hong Kong

1626 words - 7 pages Colonization; Hong Kong escaped the two horrible economic disasters China suffered through. One of the two was The Great Leap Forward, which took place in 1958 until 1961, under “Mao’s attempt to modernize China’s economy”(“The Great Leap Forward”). Mao was expecting China’s economy to have rivaled America by 1988. Although things seem to be going under control, however, in 1959, the disaster started to rise. Thousands of workers were injured, steel that

To what extent did Mao’s domestic policies solve the problems he faced? - IB HL History - Essay

1236 words - 5 pages . Until 1957, Mao’s policies were to a great extent, successful in combating the problems he faced. However, this streak came to an end in 1958 with his Great Leap Forward, an economic policy. The aims were developing both agriculture and industry and accelerating the speed of economic growth while maintaining China’s revolutionary spirit and asserting China’s independence and position as a modern economic power. The Great Leap Forward was a new set

Mao Zedong

1338 words - 5 pages Year Plan was actually successful, and this encouraged Mao to start the Second Five Year Plan. This is more commonly known as the Great Leap Forward, and it began in 1958. The Great Leap was Mao's attempt to modernize China's economy. He wanted China's economy to rival that of America's by the year 1988. His plan was to modernize China's industry and agriculture. At the center of Mao's Great Leap strategy was to set the country up into a series

The Importance of Time Throughout History

1417 words - 6 pages of years? The continuous use of a non-uniform time scale by including leap seconds, will definitely cause problems in many walks of life especially now that technology relies heavily on satellite communications that require precise timekeeping. Getting rid of leap seconds will imply moving forward and taking advantage of the new timekeeping methods. As much as we love our beloved earth, it is time to realize that celestial time is not every accurate in this new age of technological development and more precise methods of timekeeping.

Chairman Mao Tse-Tung - The Divine Failure

2110 words - 8 pages distinct time periods; the period before the establishment of the People's Republic of China, the initial period of socio-economic reforms referred to as the Great Leap Forward and the period of the Cultural Revolution in which Mao solidified his cult of personality just before his death. These three periods survey the entire span of Mao's leadership and stand testament to his ineptness, each highlighting key events in which Mao blundered his

Mao Zedong: His Rise to Power and Role in Chinese Independence

660 words - 3 pages after they found that they needed Mao’s fiery. After much struggling, Mao and the Red Army were able to defeat the Guomindang and Mao became the official Chairman of China through the Communist Party of China. Mao’s reign was frightening to say the least. Responsible for such programmes as the Great Leap Forward and the One Child Policy, Mao would stop at nothing to get what he wanted, attempting and mostly succeeding in immersing Chinese culture

A Good Example to Look at Communism and Capitalism Differences

1027 words - 5 pages hard work, and free ride (Cowen and Tabarrok). That meant that people stopped working hard, because they hadn’t enough incentives to do it, and started depending on other’s work, but neither the others weren’t working as well (Cowen and Tabarrok). That Little Leap Forward was intensified in the Great Leap Forward making the communes even bigger with amounts of 5,000 families, thus causing a great decrease in agricultural production and starvation

Greatest Injustice in History

947 words - 4 pages The greatest injustice perpetrated on humanity throughout history is the Great Chinese Famine. This unjust, nefarious, and extremely brutal act of terror lasted from 1958-1962 in the People’s Republic of China and killed 5% of people in China. There were many causes for this catastrophic event, but the new policies and laws created from the “Great Leap Forward” were the main reason for the worst famine in all of history. Mao Zedong, chairman of

Mao Zedong

1454 words - 6 pages aid. At the end of World War II when a civil war broke out between the two sides, Mao and his communists were victorious. In 1949 the People’s Republic of China was born, and this is where the reign of Mao truly begins. The communist party set out to establish sweeping reform in order to rebuild the Chinese society that had been destroyed by the Kuomintang, and in 1958, Mao enforced “The Great Leap Forward.” It was to be his genius plan: he would

Similar Essays

Discuss The Impact Of The Great Leap Forward (1958 1961) On China's People

1687 words - 7 pages The Great Leap Forward (1958-1961) had a vast impact on China and its people. Mao Zedong, leader of China’s communist party (1949-1973) aim in proposing the campaign was to ‘overtake all capitalist countries in a fairly short time, and become one of the richest, most advanced and powerful countries in the world.” Mao wanted to modernise China and sought to enhance the availability of equipment such as nuclear submarines for China

The Great Leap Forward: Natural Factors And Mao's Stupidity Which Caused This Terrible Event In China's History

624 words - 2 pages Due to the "Great Leap Forward", China suffered in the largest famine in human history in 1959-1961 and caused 30 million people starved to death--about to cover the number of births. It made an anomaly in the demographic model that to have a sudden increase in death rate in stage 2 with a shaping decrease in population within the nation.Human Causes.Under the ridiculous ideas of Mao, industrial productions had to be increased by all means and

An Unfortunate Genocide Essay

1296 words - 6 pages In history, humans have experienced several episodes of genocides. Genocides have been one of the worst experiences for humans. Genocides have devastated humans mentally and physically. An example of genocide that devastated lives of millions of people was the Great Leap Forward in China. The Great Leap Forward and Wiesel’s experience in the Night have several similarities and differences. After analyzing the Great Leap Forward, it can be

The Orgins Of The Cultural Revolution. Talks About How The Cultural Revolution In China Came About. May Need Some Grammatical Work

1589 words - 6 pages Soviet Union is the tomorrow of China" was often displayed. Another historian felt that the failure of the Great Leap Forward caused Mao to put forth the Cultural Revolution. A third historian felt that it was a power struggle that set for the Cultural Revolution.Suzanne Pepper mentions that one cause of the Cultural Revolution was the League of Nations. The new Chinese government, established in the late 1920s by the Nationalist Party, invited the