The Growing Tension And Debate Over Bill 94 In Quebec, Canada

1525 words - 6 pages

Over the last several decades there has been an increase in the number of Muslim immigrants to Canada. The continued growth within the Canadian Muslim population has caused tensions to arisen regarding the accommodation of Islamic practices and beliefs. Quebec specifically has become a topic of discussion due to the recent possibility of legislating Bill 94. In 2010 Justice Minister Kathleen Weil introduced Bill 94, original called “An Act to Establish Guidelines Governing Accommodation Requests Within the Administration and Certain Institutions” to Quebec’s National Assembly (Conway, 195). If passed, the bill would limit the ability of Muslim women wearing the niqab to receive government services including health care, schools, daycare facilities, and courtrooms (Al Jazeera, 2010). Along with being banned from receiving government services, Muslim government employees would also have to refrain from wearing the veil (Al Jazeera, 2010). Bill 94 has historical relevance specifically to the 1960s Quiet revolution that caused Quebec to reconstruct its values and beliefs. The reconstruction has lead to tensions particularly with Muslim immigrants. The proposed legislation of Bill 94 has created the controversial debate between those who believe the Bill will end the oppression of Muslim women and those who see it has a violation of The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. This paper will analyze the controversial debate through the academic frameworks of John Locke, Jeremy Bentham and Stuart Mill. Since the 9/11 bombings in New York, Muslims have unfortunately been continually vilified and stereotyped in mass media which makes the motives of Bill 94 questionable– is it really for the protection of women, or protection of society from the Muslim culture?
The growing tension and debate over Bill 94 in Quebec hold historical relations to the 1960s Quiet Revolution. The Quiet Revolution introduced the active preservation of Francophone identity and culture (Conway, 2010, p.198). Unlike other provinces in Canada who have undertaken the values of multiculturalism; Quebec has instituted interculturalism (Conway, 2012, p.199). Interculturalism “works to encourage the integration of immigrants in a manner that is respectful to their cultural origins, all the while promoting the preservation of Francophone Quebec society” (Conway, 199). It is within the values of interculturalism that Quebec supports the introduction of Bill 94. The Quebec government believes that the niqab prevents cultural cohesion and prevents their ultimate goal of making all people “Quebecers” (Daily Motion, 2010). The Quebec government assumes that reveling the face of a woman will lead to cultural cohesion but the possibility seems unlikely especially when hegemonic media sources and pop culture continue to vilify Muslims and instigate fear surrounding the Islamic religion.
In Quebec, an average of 100 Muslim women wear the niqab (Daily Motion, 2010). There is a wide spectrum of...

Find Another Essay On The Growing Tension and Debate over Bill 94 in Quebec, Canada

The Debate Over Euthanasia Essay

1282 words - 5 pages The Debate Over Euthanasia The controversy over euthanasia has recently become highly publicized. However, this issue is not a new debate. Society has voiced its opinions on the subject for hundreds of years. Euthanasia, which is Greek for "good death", refers to the act of ending another person’s life in order to end their suffering and pain.1 Two forms, passive and active euthanasia, categorize the actions taken to end the person’s life

The Debate Over Abortion Essay

2024 words - 8 pages With the ongoing debate and the advancement of technology in determining the viability of a fetus, abortion, the ending of a pregnancy by removing a fertilized egg, has become increasingly controversial. The morality of abortion has caused many to separate into opposite sides of the spectrum, pro-life and pro-choice. The arguments over abortion has stirred a continuous debate between a pro-choice stance such as that presented by the analogical

The Debate Over Vaccination

732 words - 3 pages “Immunization Is a Question of Science, Not Faith: How I Evaluated the Immunization ‘Debate’ “, by Chanda Cooper-Warren. Her article appears on the website www.quackwatch.org, and is written with the authority of a concerned mother without any medical credentials listed. Warren believed that, “A medical issue should be judged by science”, and any claim on the subject had to be based on valid scientific data from a reputable source (Cooper-Warren

Debate Over the Nephilim

2680 words - 11 pages The Nephilim are usually known as the giants and offspring of spiritual beings with humans. They are primarily described in Genesis from the Bible and have been misunderstood and misinterpreted over the years. Theologians, scientists, and Christians have come up with various theories on who the Nephilim really are and where they came from. Due to these distinct beliefs over this controversial topic, religions all over the world including

A Comparison of Quebec to the Rest of Canada

1652 words - 7 pages for the country, at the same time however, it can also be viewed as a struggle where contradictory parties find a way to compromise and reshape Canadian society together (Hiller, 277). Canada’s former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau made it his objective to unite Quebec with the rest of Canada. In 1969 Trudeau’s government implemented Bill C-120, otherwise known as the Official Language act, which made French and English equal in Canada (Belanger

Should Quebec become a "distinct society" in Canada?

891 words - 4 pages I do not believe in distinct society for Quebec. The term "distinct society" in Quebec allows Quebec to have more control over many aspects of Quebec's affairs and policy. Meaning they are more independent from Canada and it is the first step of separation of Quebec. In our past history Britain may have disrespected the French Canadians by sending the protesters to Louisiana's wilderness and ignore their basic needs and concerns in the mid 1700

The Debate in the United States Over Immigration

1300 words - 5 pages The Debate in the United States over Immigration      Immigration plays a huge role in the population of the United States. The U.S. is looked at as a place for a new start and a place to begin a new life. This country gives people the opportunity to make their own choices and have their own freedom, who are we to decide who can have these rights or not. Should Americans really have to right to deny another human being the right to live in

The Debate Over Women in the Catholic Church

1419 words - 6 pages The Debate Over Women in the Catholic Church The question of the ordination of women to the priesthood has moved to the forefront of theological controversy in recent years, prompting a swamping of books, and religious opinions. This controversial issue stems not only from the renewed interest of the Catholic Church in the nature of its priesthood, but also, and perhaps predominantly, from the efforts of women to achieve a new and

The Debate Over God in the Pledge of Allegiance

1834 words - 7 pages "I pledge allegiance, to the flag, of the United States of America, and to the Republic, for which it stands, one nation, under Congress, the Supreme Court, the Declaration of Independence, our founding fathers, and the President, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all." Francis Bellamy wrote the Pledge of Allegiance in 1892 (Baer). He did this in the memory of the 400th anniversary of Columbus discovering America ("The Pledge"). In

Precarious Employment: A Growing Trend in Canada

2097 words - 8 pages of fear of becoming unemployed. Deregulation in Canada especially in regards to the Employment Standards Act has left staff to fend for themselves through claims when incidents have taken place. Within the past ten years, Canada’s racialized immigration rates have seen over 75% racialized groups. In current society in Canada, discrimination cast upon these workers would be seen as unacceptable and intolerable due to the push for equity for

The Debate Over Banning Smoking in Public Places

949 words - 4 pages The Debate Over Banning Smoking in Public Places In my opinion I think smoking should banned from public places. My reasons for this are; People who smoke should be considerate of that fact that not only are they damaging their own existing health but also they are harming the others around them who are only breathing in the tobacco smoke. During the past ten years of tests, experiments etc. on the effect of

Similar Essays

The Debate Over Teaching Evolution In Schools

1988 words - 8 pages Evolution is the process of how life has evolved over time. Many different people think different about evolution and how the world and everything in it came about. Some people think that evolution is how everything came together. Where we started off as a bunch of molecules formed and bunched together to create the world. Others believe that we came about from God. The master that created us all with the power of his hands. But when it comes to

Quebec Nationalism The Question Of Whether Quebec Will Secede From Canada To Become An Independent Nation Has Been A Hot Topic In The Country For Several Years Now.

1646 words - 7 pages inequalities in personal incomes. Despite all of this, many feel that this is not the reason for Quebec secession.Quebec has 24 percent of the total population of Canada, and 25 percent of its Gross National Product. The majority of Quebec's population is of French descent and language. It reaches approximately 83 percent of the entire province. About 60 percent of the French voted for secession in the 1995 referendum, at a remarkably high turn out, 94

The Debate Over Homeschooling Essay

2331 words - 10 pages homeschooling. Missouri being one of them. In the state of Missouri the legislature have proposed a bill that would restrict the state’s ability to regulate homes (Barnett, Tyler).     From the 1970s and 1980s, homeschooling has steadily grown in popularity. 70% of children were homeschooled in 1999 and 1.5 million by 2007. Because of the discovery of child abuse cases in the home, there has been much concern over the limited regulations for homeschooling

The Debate Over Obamacare Essay

1202 words - 5 pages Matthews and it is evident that the government is working hard to get ahead of the issue, in the meantime liberals and conservatives will continue to fight over ObamaCare. Works Cited "Greta: Get Rid of Politicians Who Didn't Read ObamaCare Bill." Fox News. N.p., n.d. . Web. 13 Nov. 2013. < http://video.foxnews.com/v/2834195900001/greta-get-rid-/ of-politicians-who-didnt-read-obamacare-bill/ > "HHS Reports 106,000 Have Picked Health Plans