This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Growth Of American Government From The End Of Reconstruction And The End Of World War Ii

2153 words - 9 pages

In the past, the nation’s government took the “laissez-faire” approach to dealing with the economy and/or free market affairs. The government intervened as little as possible, asserting the belief felt that if left alone, economic problems would be resolved without government interference. However, this approach was not guaranteed, and at times, the government had to put aside the “laissez-faire” approach of the past. The government had no other choice but to intervene in these instances to return balance to the economy and protect its citizens it served. The government changed both its approach and its size through programs initiated by the Industrial Revolution, New Deal programs during and following the Great Depression, and World War II, forever changing the relationship between Americans and their Government.

During the Industrial Revolution with the massive railroad production across the country, the railroad executives were clever, strong-minded, mostly dishonest men who bribed congressmen, and conducted crooked financial deals who became known as “robber barons”. 1 As railroads expanded transportation across the country, it opened up a vast market for competition and over production of farm products. The railroad executives took advantage of the fact that the railroad was the only transportation that some farmers had to ship their products. Since the railroads had formed monopolies, they were free to charge whatever rates they saw fit and took full advantage of this by price discrimination. They offered discounts and rebates to big corporations with large loads which the individual farmer did not have. Nor did farmers have the political influence to fight the railroads on these matters.2 Therefore, in 1877, the government’s economic “lassiez-faire” philosophy was tested with the enactment of the Interstate Commerce Commission. Its purpose was to address the problem of the railroad monopolies by setting guidelines on how they were to conduct business: by charging just and reasonable rates for shipping and passengers, banning discounts and rebates, illegalizing price discrimination against small markets, and most importantly, it established a five member panel to investigate and hold the railroad executives accountable for breaking the laws of the act.3

During the building of the Transcontinental Railroad, the railroads themselves created a large market for the steel and iron industries.4 The steel and oil industries were booming and corruption was rampant. Andrew Carnegie had cornered the market in the steel industry and John D. Rockefeller had cornered the oil market. Rockefeller bought up his competition after essentially putting them out of business by flooding the market with refined oil bringing down prices and profits. He was determined to pay no one a profit because he wanted it all for himself. He created a plan called vertical integration which consolidated his businesses into one by creating The Standard...

Find Another Essay On The Growth of American Government from the End of Reconstruction and the end of World War II

End of World War I Led to World War II

1137 words - 5 pages World War I had been the main cause that led to World War II. The victors of World War I, namely France and Britain, had placed the blame of the war on Germany. The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty that was signed at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between the Allied Powers and Germany. In the Treaty of Versailles, the Germans were being legally forced to pay the reparations of World War I. This led to the downfall of

Did World War II end The Great Depression?

889 words - 4 pages The New Deal was a series of domestic programs achieved by President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1936. Roosevelt and all of the US hoped that the New Deal would cause an end of the Great Depression, which was the worst economic crisis in US history and caused the unemployment rate being in double digits from 1931 to 1940. But today, many people say that the massive spending of World War II was the reason for the longed-for end of the

End of Reconstruction in 1877

699 words - 3 pages In 1865 the beginning of the end of the Civil War was in effect called “Reconstruction”. The purpose of Reconstruction was to make the United States a unified nation once again. Reconstruction was a success in the sense of the southern states ratified the constitution and chose not to secede. The southern states also agreed to pledge loyalty to the union and ratify the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth amendments. On the other hand, with the

This Is An A-1 Study Guide. It Earned Me An A On My Test On World War II. It Has The Events Leading Up To World War II Up Until The End Of World War II

1413 words - 6 pages as president. Tensions between leaders started to pull apart wartime alliance.34)Atomic Bomb Drops--where, when and the resultDropped by Truman to end the war swiftly and to avoid the enormous loss of life that would have resulted from an American invasion of the Japanese home islands. Dropped on Hiroshima, a munitions center, leveled most of the city. The second dropped on Nagasaki, a port city. About 200,000 Japanese died in both cities. In

Why did the economic growth of the post-war 'Golden Years' come to an end in the mid-1970s?

1719 words - 7 pages economy had made a remarkable effect for recovering the Europe economic system. Have France for example, during the post-war years, its government began to rebuild its cities and industries area which were destroyed in the World War II. At this time, French government had controlled almost the whole industries and enterprises, which showed the ability of the government to manipulate and regulate their economy. (Barry, 2006) It can be recognised

Was It Necessary to Drop the Atomic Bomb to End World War II?

781 words - 4 pages dominant the United States and our military actually is and I think most American citizens completely agree with dropping both bombs. The Japanese attacked us on our own soil at Pearl Harbor. If a stranger comes to your house and breaks in, I would hope that you would want to defend your family and take care of the intruder. Many factors contributed to the end of World War II, but I believe that dropping the atomic bomb was necessary for the United States.

The End of World War I

810 words - 3 pages The End of World War IAs the news of the individual surrender spread, fellow Germans saw that they were losing the war and started mutinies. Many people told the Kaiser to seek an armistice with the allies. However, he did not show any intensions of giving up. With the end so close, many American newspapers started to create rumors that the armistice had signed been signed by the Germans. They assumed that our leaders were suing for peace. They

Zombies and the End of the World

1291 words - 6 pages entry points. Now, find weapons. Grab anything that could be used as a heavy bludgeoning weapon or sharp decapitating weapon. Remain calm. Get ready and aim for the head.(“ZombieFacts”) No matter where you go you always want to have an escape plan. This is one of the most debated subjects, when it comes to the end of the world. There are people out there that don’t believe that this could ever happen. Some parents say that people only talk about

Macbeth Essay: The end to Macbeth, brought upon thine self - English II 10th grade - English Argumentative

524 words - 3 pages English II Period 1 26 January 2018 The end to Macbeth, brought upon thine self While many people believe that Lady Macbeth is responsible for Macbeth’s downfall, in William Shakespeare’s play Macbeth, Macbeth is undoubtedly responsible for his demise because he physically kills the king and he murders others to maintain his new found power. Once Lady Macbeth reads her husband’s letter about his encounter with the witches, she immediately

fter the end of the First World War

2172 words - 9 pages people through their rhetoric, this does not mean that the Nazis only helped themselves and their sympathizers. The success of the Nazi economic rebuild was important in shaping how modern Germany looks today and moral abhorrence should not detract from the success of some Nazi policies. At the conclusion of the First World War, the Allied forces, United Kingdom, France and the Russian Empire imposed upon Germany the conditions agreed upon in the

The End of the Cold War

1644 words - 7 pages The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union resulted in major shift in United States foreign policy. For years, the United States supported tyrannical dictators in return for stable anti-communist government receptive to United States interests. The Cold War resulted in a new world order with the United States as the lone global hegemonic power. In Eastern Europe in particular, the end of the Cold War ushered in an era of

Similar Essays

The End Of World War Ii

1538 words - 6 pages tentatively China. When the US entered World War II, the Allies were at a serious disadvantage with France under German control, Great Britain under siege, and the USSR trying to repel the invading Germans. Northern Africa was under German and Italian control. The initial strategy of the Allies was to win the war in Europe first, then work on North Africa and the South Pacific. America wanted to attack Germany first, and try to take out the root of

The Battle Of The Bulge And The End Of World War Ii

1497 words - 6 pages Germany, the war was over. It is often asked if Germany could have won the battle if things went their way just a few more times. Nobody can be sure what could have happened if Germany would have won in the end. The heart of the driven American soldiers sure did help them along the way. One thing is for certain, The Battle of the Bulge will always remain as one of the most influential battles of World War II. “This is undoubtedly the

The End Of Ww Ii Essay

1335 words - 5 pages 'A bright light filled the plane. We turned back to look at Hiroshima. The city was hidden by that awful cloud . . . boiling up, mushrooming.' ( What could cause such devastation? Fat Man and Little Boy, the bombs that ended World War II and brought the world into the nuclear age.In September 1940, after the fall of France, Hitler and Mussolini made an alliance with Japan. The Tripartite Pact provided the right of entry of Japanese

The End Of Population Growth Essay

1822 words - 8 pages countries and what consequences will be induced by this occurrence. If we start from the history of population growth we can see that the process by which fertility rates eventually decline to replacement levels has been portrayed by a famous concept in economic demography called the demographic transition. This concept tries to explain why all contemporary developed nations have more or less passed through the same three stages of modern