Jesus Christ, the first celebrity, born to a virgin, performed miracles and rose from the dead. The great healer and savior and son of God. With an approximately 1.7 billion people worldwide, Christianity is arguably the largest religion in the world today.
According to Christian teachings God made the heavens and the Earth in 6 days and rested on the seventh day, or the Sabbath. Then God made the first humans, Adam and Eve. God flooded the Earth out of dissatisfaction with the human race, except for Noah and his family. Noah was instructed to build an ark with 2 of every animal for reproductive purposes. God presented Moses with the 10 Commandments on Mt. Sinai ...view middle of the document...
A Master of Divinity is the most common degree. Priests take a vow of celibacy, meaning they are not allowed to get married or engage in sexual activity.
The Devil or Satan is a symbol of evil and temptation in humans. Sin is the act of violating God’s will. According to the Church those who sin without forgiveness will be condemned to hell, the place of eternal torture, run by the Satan. The Devil is responsible for leading people to temptation. Catholics believe that the devil posses people, to combat this priests perform exorcisms, or a process by which they attempt to extract the Devil within a human. Exorcism had been made popular in movies, especially horror films.
The leader of the Catholic church is called the Pope. St. Peter, the Bishop of Rome, was the first person to hold this position. The Pope is also the head of state of Vatican City, a city-state within Rome. This paper will discuss the history of the papacy more in detail later. The Pope is elected by a collection of 80 Cardinals, known as the College of Cardinals. This position is held until he dies, or chooses to resign (resignation is uncommon). There has been 266 Popes. The 266th and current Pope is Pope Francis, known as Jorge Mario Bergoglio before he became Pope. Pope Francis is featured on the title page of this paper.
The Blessed Virgin Mary is one of the most important figures in both the Protestant and Catholic church. Mary is identified as the mother of Jesus. Luke 1: 26-38 describes the story of how the angel Gabriel visited her to announce her pregnancy and God's plan for her.
"26 In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, 27 to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. And the virgin's name was Mary. 28 And he came to her and said, “Greetings, O favored one, the Lord is with you!”29 But she was greatly troubled at the saying, and tried to discern what sort of greeting this might be. 30 And the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31 And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus. 32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David, 33 and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end.” 34 And Mary said to the angel, “How will this be, since I am a virgin?”35 And the angel answered her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called holy—the Son of God. 36 And behold, your relative Elizabeth in her old age has also conceived a son, and this is the sixth month with her who was called barren. 37 For nothing will be impossible with God.” 38 And Mary said, “Behold, I am the servant of the Lord; let it be to me according to your word.” And the angel departed from her.
Most scholars agree that...