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The Han Dynasty Essay

1698 words - 7 pages

The Han Dynasty, the amazing Chinese era to have said to unified China for over 400 years old. This era in China’s history began in 206 B.C when a rebel armies rose up against the Qin army. One rebellion, led by Chen Sheng and Wu Kuang was later joined by Xiang Liang, Xiang Yu, Ying Bu, and Peng Yue joined forces with Liu Bang. The people of the Qin Dynasty were unhappy under the rule of Qin Shihuang who was ran his empire with an iron fist. His rule was absolute and disagreeing was punishable by death, though Emperor Qin was the one who to end the Warring States as well as complete the conquering of China in 221 B.C, thus expanding the Chinese state. After the takeover, Liu Bang took the ...view middle of the document...

Under his rule the economy flourished and arts were encouraged. After his death Emperor Wen and Emperor Jing they reduced the people’s tax and encouraged people to farm and live a healthy lifestyle. Due to this the nation’s wealth and power grew greatly. Most improvement came from the textile industry and the metal industry. Iron smelting was commonly used and looms were used for all clothing. The Western Era of the Han Dynasty was the stepping stone into a more powerful time. Eastern Han from 25 AD-230 AD was established by Liu Xiu, Emperor Guamgwu. Liu Xiu of the royal family defeated Wang Mang who had usurped the throne during the time of the Western Han. The economy boosted even more than it had in the Western Han dynasty. The yellow river had flooded which cause the land to become more fertile, bronze manufacturing, silk making, and the capital city of Luoyang became a business center. During this time was a booming time for science, Zhang Heng was said to have created the first seismograph which was used to test for earthquakes. Both times proved most beneficial to the entirety of the Han Dynasty. They proved to be a force that excelled in technology, agriculture, and all around success.
The Han dynasty was responsible for many world changing invention that help with infinite progress of technology. Some other invention of iron casting, acupuncture, the sundial, embroidery in clothing, hot air balloon, advancements in medicine, mathematics, building, engineering, astronomy, agriculture, acupuncture, and even installed a state academy to train individual for work for the state. But they were most known for their invention of the paper. In 206 B.C the original idea for paper was course, uneven, and hard to write on made from hemp fibers. But in 105 A.D, Cai Lun a court official, improved upon the design of paper. It was made from bark hemp, rags, fishnet, and wheat stalks. With these new materials paper was now more durable and better for writing. With this breaking discovery they were able to take records and store them as a remembrance for the past for future generations.
As in any functioning society there were different social classes one always higher than the others. Going from rank lowest to highest we begin with the slaves. Slaves, though at the bottom of the food chain, only made up about 1% of the total population. They were separated by two classes, privately owned and those owned by the state. The slaves that were privately owned were usually just peasants selling themselves into slavery because they had fallen into debt. While those slaves who were state owned were prisoners of war that were given to high officials or nobles as a reward for their services. The fourth class was made up of merchants, excluding booksellers and apothecary, merchants were viewed as lowly people by registered merchants as well as scholars. Registered merchants, as regular merchants wore white clothing to show their lowly status but were moderately...

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