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The Harlem Renaissance Essay

1691 words - 7 pages

Segregation and racism in the 1920s was mundane for the average African American, but as they put that aside they were respected by many whites. The rise of the jazz age was due to the prohibition of alcohol. People were selling alcohol illegally and many African Americans began playing music known as the jazz age. Many white folks came to watch famous African musicians play in secret clubs called the cotton club. In the 1920s when there was prohibition and racism, many African Americans had to deal with discrimination, and segregation between the whites. During that time the Klu Klux Klan population was at an all-time high. Being colored was dangerous because the KKK members were out to ...view middle of the document...

” (Great Migration) . Jim Crow decided to take action and prohibit Africans from living in the South. The farmers also moved North because of an insect that has been destroying crops and farmers lost a lot of profit. The Boll weevil caused many African Americans to move up North. In 1917 the North was in need for cheap labors, so they hired as many African as they could and offered to pay for the trip from the South to the North. Africans had suffered through a lot. Africans have been optimistic and kept on striving for the best. While Africans were threatened by the Whites and KKK members to leave the South, they began migrating to the North. After the civil war the whites “Tried to find any way they could hurt or damage Africans that was still legal, they later on passed the law from the Plessy vs. Ferguson to allow segregation.” (Baskerville). Africans were outraged and were fed up with the whites. They didn’t want to deal getting lynched in the South just because of their skin color so most Africans migrated to the North. This opened up many advantages because of job opportunities and a new neighborhood. They found many opportunities in Harlem and the population of African Americans increased by 60%. The population of Harlem was mostly blacks and it was the “new negro movement” for them. During their time in the New York they found their unique talent in music and made the north popularly known for the Harlem Renaissance. They were able to express their emotions about how they felt and sang about what they were feeling.
The Harlem Renaissance was a new age of commemorating Blacks and their success. Many Americans respected Blacks during this time because of their wonderful music and talent. “The Harlem Renaissance was the African-American cultural revolution centered in Harlem, New York City, which began after World War I, climaxed in the mid to late 1920s, and diminished in the mid-1930s.” (Henderson). Even though Blacks still had to face prejudice and segregation, this was a new start because they could express themselves with music and art. They made Harlem a famous place, known for good music that affected music greatly. They created popular music like Jazz and the Blues. One of the most popular genres of music created by African Americans in the 1920s was Jazz. “Jazz influenced America in so many ways in the Harlem Renaissance.” (US History). Jazz consisted of using all of the chords on the instrument this created a vast diversity in sound. This means that there can be so many different musical patterns, it can be switched up from fast to slow. The possibilities of creating jazz sounds were endless and many of the famous musicians were very creative. Jazz really reflected on Blacks because it showed how creative and inspiring they are if they had the freedom to pursue what they wanted. This was a big leap forward because no longer will whites see Africans as slaves anymore but talented people just as them. The only difference is skin...

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