The Hart Cellar Act Essay

705 words - 3 pages

During the 1960’s, the United States was focusing on the application of civil rights with the democratic government. Much of this movement influenced to the ratification of the Hart- Cellar act signed on 1965. Although the United States was created as a result of the colonization from people of different backgrounds early immigration laws have been limiting the entry of immigrants to this country and creating discriminatory behavior towards them. During that specific time, it was necessary to change immigration laws in order to unify the country according to its political ideals of freedom, democracy and equality. The Hart-Cellar act was a more equitable law that benefited all immigrants in the same way. After the bill was signed, the United States open its doors to immigrants from all over the world. This immigration law generated economic, demographic and ideology changes in the country.
Why the policy was initiated? President John F. Kennedy from the Democratic Party decided to approach the discriminatory behavior of the country which came from the previews acts. As a result, after the Kennedy’s assassination, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the immigration and naturalization act on 1965. The Immigration and Nationality Act was initiated as a succession of the civil rights movement which demanded to practice the principal ideals of the United States, freedom, democracy and equality. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act on July 2, 1964. Consequently, Kennedy’s reform bill was introduced by representatives of both Houses to revised immigration laws because the first immigration laws issued in the country, like the Chinese act and the Origin National act were extremely discriminatory towards people from Asian, Latin America, Africa and some parts of Europe.
What the content of the policy is? The Hart-Cellar act was passed by a majority vote from both houses. It was proposed by Representative Emanuel Cellar of New York and Senator Philip Hart of Michigan. The Hart-Cellar act was signed at the base of the Statue of Liberty by President Lyndon B. Johnson. This law abolished the National Origins quota system. That means it...

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