The Hazard of Bulglarly The hazard of burglary has significant impacts on people and the
environment in which they live, and these can be identified easily.
Consequently this hazard can be prevented and/ or managed effectively.
A hazard is an event that affects or threatens people or property.
Burglary is a common, frequently occurring hazard. Burglary is the
unauthorised entry into a building as a trespasser in order to steal.
An offence of burglary is recorded by the police if a person enters
any building as a trespasser with intent to commit an offence of
theft, rape, GBH, or unlawful damage. Burglary does not necessarily
involve forced entry. The 2001 British Crime Survey (BSC) estimates
that there were a total of 1,063,000 burglaries against domestic
properties in the year 2000. The majority of burglaries occur in urban
areas and are less frequent in rural areas.
Burglary has many different types of impacts on people and the
surrounding environment, these are not always easy to identify as
people are reluctant to admit any emotional upset, especially males.
One of these impacts is the cost of burglary. The mean cost of
burglary in 1998 was £1416. The factors that affect this cost the most
are property stolen, damage to inside of property and damage to
outside of property. Burglary also increases the cost of the
individuals home insurance and if the problem is reoccurring the
insurance premiums for the whole area will increase as a result of
this. The most common goods to be stolen are electrical goods and
cash, one of the main effects of burglary is loss of possessions.
Financial loss is one of the biggest problems with burglary.
Another major effect of burglary is emotional reaction, the most
common type of emotional reaction to burglary is anger. According to
the British Crime Survey (1998) 66% of males and 64% of females said
they were angry about being burgled. This anger occurs because the
individual is annoyed that someone has entered their property without
consent and stolen their goods which they have worked hard to pay for.
The second most common emotional reaction is shock 33% of males and
39% of females experienced shock after a burglary. Other common
emotional effects are fear, this is fear that the burglars will return
to steal the property that has been replaced by the insurance claim.
The highest levels of fear occur in households where the owner is
elderly or where there is a lack of security as some people do not
have the income to be able to afford effective security measures. It
has been proven that when elderly people are burgled in some cases it
can even cause an early death due to the amount of shock and emotional
upset. It was noticed that elderly victims became more...