The UK and USA Government have set up campaigns to prevent smoking in their countries. Some examples of these anti-smoking campaigns are the ban on smoking in public places in the UK since July 2007, under the Health Act 2006, the anti-smoking T.V advertisements and campaigns against allowing smokers the benefit of the NHS treatment, when they suffer from smoking related problems. This essay will propose to outline the causes and the effects of this anti-smoking attitude in the UK and the USA and explain why similar campaigns would or would not be effective in Qatar.
Firstly, it is important to state the causes of the UK’s anti-smoking campaign. The main reason for the campaign is increasing number of people suffering from smoking related illnesses. According to American Journal, “The Health Consequences of Smoking- 50 years progress” (2014: pg.67), health problems caused by smoking includes the most recognised illness, cancer. According to the National Health Service (NHS), 90% of lung cancers are caused by smoking. However, some of the other parts of the body affected by smoking related cancers are identified by the NHS, as the mouth, throat, oesophagus, bladder, kidney and liver. “The Health Consequences of Smoking- 50 years progress” (2014: pg. 68) also state other diseases like “dental diseases, cataract and macular degeneration, peptic ulcer diseases, fractures and osteoporosis and diabetes,” can be caused by smoking, also.
Clearly, there are serious health problems linked to smoking. Cancer Research in UK shown over 4000 different types of dangerous chemicals contained in cigarettes is responsible for theses illnesses. These include chemicals like tar, arsenic, ammonia, carbon monoxide. These chemicals are cause people to suffer serious illness, therefore leading to the UK and USA introducing anti-smoking campaigns to try to improve people’s health and stop these illnesses.
Furthermore, another cause of the anti-smoking campaigns in the UK and USA is the financial impact smoking related illnesses is having on the Government. According to the National Health Service (NHS), the UK spend approximately 2.7 billion pounds treating smoking related illnesses. In same way, in the USA, according to figures found in, “The Health Consequences of Smoking- 50 years progress” (2014: pg.670), between the years 2009-2012, it costs the USA $133 billion dollars in medical care to treat smoking illnesses. Clearly, the economic cost of smoking has motivated the UK and USA governments to create anti-smoking campaigns and reduce these healthcare costs, less people will smoke and therefore less government money is used to cure smoking related illnesses.
Another reason for anti-smoking attitude in the UK is the negative effect smokers have on non-smokers. Smokers pollute the air with cigarette smoke, then other people breathe in, this is called passive smoking. Passive smoking can cause illness for non smokers also, according to NHS this includes also...